This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V18", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The More Tender Kinds Of Garden Vegetables May Now Be Sown - Beans Corn, Cucumbers, Squashes, Etcthat it is not prudent to plant in this latitude before the first of May; and tomato, egg-plants, etc., may also be set out in those favored places. Cucumbers, squashes, and such vegetables, can be got forward as well as tomatoes, egg-plants, etc., by being sown in a frame or hotbed, and potted off into three-inch pots. They will be nice plants by the first week in May. Rotten wood suits cucumbers and the squash tribe exceedingly well as a manure. Tomatoes and egg-plants that are desired very early are best potted, soon after they come up, into small pots. They can then be turned out into the open air without any check to their roots. Of course, they should be gradually inured to the open air - not suddenly transferred from a warm and moist air to a very dry one.
Early York cabbage for early use should be set out early in this month. An excellent plan is to make the holes with a dibble first, where the cabbage is to be set; then fill the holes with manure-water; and after the water has soaked away, set in the plants. It is rather more laborious than the old way, but the cabbage grows so fast afterwards that it pays pretty well.
Celery is an important crop, and should be sown about this period. A rich moist spot shaded from the mid-day sun, should be chosen; or a box in a frame, if convenient.
Bean-poles may be planted preparatory to sowing the Lima bean in May. Where beanpoles are scarce, two or three hoop-poles, set into the ground, and tied together at the top, make as good a pole, and perhaps better.
Dwarf beans should have very warm and deep soil - sow them only two inches apart. The Valentine is yet the best early, take it all in all.
Peas should be sown every two weeks for a succession - do not make the soil very rich for them.