This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V18", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A correspondent from Ulster Co., N. Y., sends us the following. We may say that we know nothing of the variety personally:
"This variety, though surpassed, perhaps, in some respects by others more widely known, has nevertheless valuable qualities that commend it to the attention of fruit growers throughout the land. A short description of its qualities, habits of growth, and manner of cultivation will probably be of interest to amateurs and others who may be giving their attention to the cultivation or testing of new varieties of fruits.
" Originating in this county several years ago, it has rapidly gained such a popularity that large plantations have been made of them, superseding other well-known varieties. The plant is of vigorous growth, from 4 to 6 feet in height, which affords an abundance of wood for the support of the fruit. The canes are perfectly hardy, and have withstood a temperature of 16° and 20° below zero during the past winters without injury. I give them no protection whatever, nor do they require it, as the canes bear fruit in abundance to their very tops. This valuable trait of being entirely hardy is the chief cause why they have supplanted so largely the Ant-werps and other kinds previously grown, that required winter protection. To such an extent are they superseding the well known Hudson River Antwerp, that the time is probably not far distant when they will supplant them almost entirely in the River Counties which supply so largely the markets of New York city.
They seem adapted to nearly all kinds of soil, such as corn and other hoed crops are usually grown upon, with the exception of clay flats, or low, poorly drained fields. For the purpose of experimenting, I have planted them on a diversity of soils, and find that they can be grown with profit even upon a heavy clay soil, if well drained, either naturally or artificially, though they do best on a gravelly soil, or light loam.
"The berry is a bright red, unusually firm, which makes it of great value for shipping to distant markets; flavor very good, comparing favorably with other kinds; size of fruit, medium to large, surpassed in this respect by other sorts, such as Herstine, Brandywine, or the Antwerps. The plants ripen their fruit considerably earlier than most of the red varieties, coming into market or upon the table a little before the Kentucky, Jucunda or Col. Cheney strawberries disappear.
"The Highland Hardy may be classed under the head of "very productive," giving with ordinary culture from 40 to 60 bushels to the acre, the crop selling in New York at from $400 to $600 per acre. Under very favorable circumstances the fruit from small plots has sold at the rate of from $1500 to $2000 per acre. These latter figures are rare exceptions, but still they show what success has been reached.
"As to their cultivation, the ground should first be well ploughed, giving a good coat of barnyard manure. After harrowing, the ground can be marked out with a plow or otherwise, placing the plants 4 feet apart each way, or by making the rows 6 feet apart, and the plants 2 1/2 or 3 feet distant in the rows. The first method permits of better culture, though the yield does not differ materially either way. The. ground should be kept well cultivated, except when the fruit is ripening. Manure the land well late in the fall or in the spring of each year; not too liberally, if the soil is naturally very rich.
"Plantations may be made in the fall or spring, and usually the young shoots may be set out with good success as late as the second week in June. The second season from planting will generally give"a paying crop, though full returns should not be expected until another year. This raspberry has been widely disseminated throughout the land, and those who have received them, as well as others, will be interested, no doubt, in knowing with what success they are grown on this their native soil."