This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V18", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A lady says, "The first thing I always read in the Gardener's Monthly is the 'seasonable hints.' The rest of the Magazine seems just the thing for those who are already advanced, and who must keep pace with the progress of horticulture. The hints suit us beginners, and encourage us to follow after those who know more. Now please tell us in your next how we babies in floriculture, as it were, can propagate roses. Some easy and cheap rule; for most of us have no hot-beds or hot-tanks as the florists have." One of the most successful rose raisers that we ever knew, was the late Charles J. Wislar, of German town. He took half ripe wood of roses, and rose wood is half ripe just about the time the flowers are fading, - and he would put them in pots of sand, - the sand full to the brim, and even rounded. These pots were set on his garden walk - a gravel walk - in the open boiling sun - and well watered every day, - we are not sure but they had water several times a day - for the good old man spent the most of bis old days in his garden, - and, if we are not mistaken, they had saucers of water under them besides.
At any rate every cutting always grew; - and we can imagine nothing more simple, or suited to the wants of "floral babies."
And, speaking of roses, we may add that towards the end of June propagation by budding commences. This is very commonly employed with the rose; but ornamental trees and shrubs may be increased in the same way. Closely allied species must be chosen to work together.
The Prairie Roses have been found excellent stocks. Other roses take well on them, and they do not sucker much. It is old, very hardy, and it promises to be a very popular stock for rare roses.
The Rose bugs are apt to be very annoying at some seasons. The best remedy is to shake them off into a pail of water. The Rose slug is often very injurious to the leaves - completely skeletonizing them. All kinds of rapid remedies have been proposed - whale oil, soap, petroleum, etc, but the best thing of all is to set a boy to crush them by finger and thumb. It is astonishing how rapidly they are destroyed by this process. This is true of most of the larger insects. Hand picking or crushing is by far the best remedy.
. Peg down Roses where a heavy mass of flowers is desired. The side shoots push more freely for this treatment.
Cut off the flowers of roses as they fade, - the second crop will be much better for the attention. Seeds of all flowering plants should be also taken off; all this assists the duration of the blooming season.
Propagation by layering may be performed any time when strong vigorous growing shoots can be had. Any plant can be propagated by layers. Many can be readily propagated no other way. Cut a notch on the upper side of the shoot, not below, as all the books recommend, and bend down into, and cover with rich soil.
In a few weeks they root, and can be removed from their parents. Stakes for plants should be charred at the ends before using, when they will last for years.
Flower-beds should be hoed and raked, as soon as the ground dries after a rain. Loose surface soil prevents the under stratum drying out. Peg down bedding-plants where practicable. Split twigs make the best pegs. In dry weather do not water flower-beds often; but do it thoroughly when it is done. See that the water does not run off, but into and through the soil.