This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
J. G. B., Newburgh, N. Y., writes :"I have been a constant reader of your highly esteemed journal for many years, but do not recollect of having seen any detailed account of the history of the so-called Paradise and Doncain stock. To what class of trees do they belong botanically, what is their nativity, how are they propagated, and which of the two is more desirable for dwarfing the apple ? Any information regarding the above query will confer a favor upon your humble servant".
[The Paradise and Doncain apples, used for stocks, are not distinct species, although it has been thought so by botanists of the past, and is still, so thought by some of the present age. But horticulturists understand variations better than many botanists do, and there is no doubt we think that these apples are dwarf varieties of the ordinary apple, Pyrus Malus, just as we have dwarf box or dwarf anything. Of course there are some "characters" noted in botanical descriptions, but they are worth no more than the characters which divide a Red Astrachan from a Lady apple. For very dwarf apples the Paradise is used, as it is the weakest growing stock. The Doncain grows stronger, and an apple on this will often grow nearly as vigorous as one on an ordinary apple stock. Ed. G. M].