This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
(Continued from page 64).
The foreign market for peaches will be very great if prices can be made moderate, and when our refrigerating ships shall be perfected, England can take much of the surplus of our immense crops of this fruit. The same is true of pears, but all sales depend on the condition of the fruit.
Formerly a large crop was not a blessing, owing to limitation of the market and the expense of gathering the fruit, and it has been estimated that a loss of several millions of dollars has been sometimes sustained in an abundant year by the waste of fruit. The whole crop may now be saved and utilized by the new methods which are being constantly invented for curing and distributing this surplus. In fruit districts large amounts of capital are invested in establishments for the drying and canning of fruits, which promise to put the surplus of abundant seasons in condition for preservation till wanted for consumption or exportation. Some of these are yet to be tested, but no doubt exists that we shall eventually thus utilize our fruits, and make them not only profitable, but a source of increasing revenue to our country.
With reference to the demand for dried fruits the consumption is rapidly increasing, and if dried peaches can be furnished at as low prices as apples, the demand, it is thought, will be very great. Of dried fruits there were exported for the year ending June 30, 1877, 14,318,052 pounds. Of preserved and canned fruits, especially peaches, there have been exported 702,-344 dollars' worth in the year ending June 30, 1877. The trade for these is well established and the demand is constantly increasing. Although the exportation of fruit has been going on quietly for a long time, it was net large till the year 1865; but since that time the trade has been rapidly developed. These exports have varied much in yearly amounts, occasioned by scarce or abundant seasons. In 1861 the amount was only $269,000. In 1871 it was $509,000, while for the year ending June 30, 1877, it amounted to #2,937,025, as kindly furnished me by Dr. Young, chief of the Bureau of Statistics - showing an increase of more than five-fold for the last five years.