This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
An English gardener, who has returned to the Old World, thus gives his American experience:
"As regards the life of a gardener on such a place, I would say that after it is laid out, seldom more than one man is kept, and he has to look after a horse, milk a cow, see to his garden, and make himself generally useful. If he is single he can obtain from twenty-five to forty dollars a month with board and washing; a married man may obtain from sixty to a hundred dollars, and sometimes his house rent free. A man in a place of this kind can always find plenty to do. For a man who has done nothing but work in a gentleman's garden in England, to have to look after a horse and milk a cow may appear infra dig., but if he goes out there such is his work Before I went to America I served two years' apprenticeship at one of the largest places in Warwickshire, and received eight to ten shillings a week wages and bothy; afterwards obtained a situation as journeyman at fifteen shillings a week; another at seventeen shillings as foreman. It cost me from ten shillings to twelve shillings a week to live out of that, and like a good many more, could not save much, so I became dissatisfied. I could see I should have to throw all my young days away until I could obtain a situation as head gardener, for a man is not considered capable, of holding such unless he is forty years of age.
I once wrote a letter about the places gardeners had to live in, known as the bothy. I did this when an apprentice, and some head gardener replied I was a dissatisfied apprentice. He was right; I was dissatisfied, although I was fond of gardening. I at last resolved to go to America with what little money I had saved, and a little borrowed. I went; I obtained a situation as gardener to be generally useful. I had twenty-five dollars a month, all found. Afterwards undertook to lay out places, this plan being the first I ever undertook on my own responsibility. It was about five miles from the city of Chicago, State of Illinois. I made thirty-five dollars a month, board and all found. The question is, did I or did I not better my seven shillings a week? Such is the life of a gardener in the far West. Why did I not learn some other trade? Simply because gardening is my whole study, and I am always happy when engaged in garden work".