This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The reader will peruse with much interest, Mr. Woodward's notes on "Summer shade for the Apple." It confirms a point frequently made by the Gardener's Monthly, that when a tree's vital powers are strained by Summer heats or Summer drouths, such a tree is unfitted to endure a severe Winter. And the reader will also remember that it is because a clean surface in an orchard, often implies an excessive and deleterious increase in the temperature of the earth, among other reasons, that we recommend the culture of grass in orchards in many cases.