This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A few years ago, I received from the Rocky Mountains some plum trees called the Yose-mite, which is likely to prove of great value in this section. The tree is quite distinct from any other kind of plum that I have seen. It is a very strong grower, very large leaves, and as free from disease as an apple tree, and thoroughly curculio proof. There are two varieties: One strongly resembles the Damson, in size and color, and is quite equal to that variety for canning; the other is quite large, bright yellow with a scarlet cheek, very handsome. The trees bear when not more than two or three years old, and you are sure of a crop of fruit; not a plum is destroyed by the curculio. Ten years ago I planted an orchard of 25 varieties of our best plums, but never gathered a peck of fruit from the trees, which are now nearly destroyed with the black rot. I have the Wild Goose plum, but get but little fruit. There are a number of kinds which have been sent out under the name of Wild Goose, all differing hi size, color, and quality, which are only varieties of the Chickasaw. The following are improved varieties of the Chickasaw and will to some extent resist the attack of the curculio: Norman, Mountain Plum, Indian Chief, Miner, and Richland.
"Within a few years a large number of new Strawberries have been added to our list of improved varieties. Monarch of the West, Centennial, Capt. Jack, Cumberland Triumph, Diunem, President Lincoln, Durand's Beauty, Great American, Star of the West, Franklin, Sterling, Duchess, Prouty's Seedling and Crescent Seedling, may be named as promising, if we except Star of the West, which with me is entirely worthless. It may be said that most of the kinds here named are under trial and it will take time to ascertain their value in different soils, climate, etc. My experience with the Monarch of the West has been very satisfactory; it has much to recommend it. The plant is very strong; does equally well in light or heavy soil; fruit very large and of uniform size; bright scarlet, tine quality, and commands a high price in market. It is a good bearer, and I think will yield as much profit to the acre as any other variety. We may except the Crescent Seedling, if what is said of that variety be true, that it will produce 400 bushels to the acre, which is from two to three times as much as any other kind. I have had but'one season's experience with this variety; it is certainly very promising.
Having had some experience with most of the kinds I have named, I shall the coming season extend their cultivation. The kinds planted last year for fruiting the coming season, are mostly Charles Downing and Monarch of the West, of which I have an acre of each; I have fruited the Charles Downing ten years or more, and it has always given satisfaction. I consider it one of the most valuable varieties known.
The list of new Raspberries is not as long as that of the strawberries; but it is evident that much progress has been made. In order to get a crop from our best old varieties, the canes must be buried. This involved much labor and expense, and often discouraged the fruit grower from planting largely of one of our finest fruits. We name the following new kinds: New Roch-elle and Caroline, as being perfectly hardy, producing very large crops of fine fruit of the largest size. The New Rochelle originated at New Rochelle, Westchester Co., N. Y. My attention was called to this variety about three years ago. The originator claimed that it would produce three times as much as any known variety. This is a seedling of the Catav\issa; fruit of the largest size; color, a dark red or a little darker then the Philadelphia; very firm, and of the finest flavor; the canes are very strong, some of them more than an inch in diameter. It propagates from tips, makes no suckers, and is as hardy as an oak, Carolina: this also originated at New Rochelle, and is said to be a cross between Brinkle's Orange and Catawissa. This is also perfectly hardy, and a predigious bearer; the fruit strongly resembles Brinkle's Orange; fruit large, bright orange, moderately firm, and in quality as good as Brinkle's Orange. It is a perfect hybrid; propagates both from tips and suckers, but sparingly either way.
I have tested both these varieties in my grounds, and endorse all that is claimed for them.
The Pride of the Hudson is another new hardy variety said to be very promising; it is to be sent out this Spring, strongly endorsed by some of our most reliable Horticulturists.
Early Andrews: I have fruited this variety for over fifteen years. It was sent to me by A. G. Coe,of Meriden, Conn. He informed me that it was found in the garden of a Capt. Andrews, a neighbor of his. With me it has proved nearly hardy; fruit medium size, bright red, fair quality, ripening several days before any other variety. I have sent the Early Andrews to several fruit growers, who inform, through my friend Charles Downing, that it is the same as Highland Hard}'. If this is so, some one has re-christened the Early Andrews and sent it out under a new name.