This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
I send you a few notes in regard to some of the new fruits which I have been testing. Souvenir du Congress pear; fruit very large, bright yellow, with a red cheek on the sunny side; quality good, and keeps well. Its large size and fine appearance add to its market value. The tree is a strong grown, comes early into bearing, and produces large crops. It ripens a little before the Bartlett.
Pitmaston Duchess, a seedling of John Pit-maston, of England. A very large handsome pear, nearly of first quality. The tree is a good grower, comes early into bearing, and with me is a better pear in every way than the Duchess d'Angouleme; ripens October. Beurre d'As-sompsion; fruit of the largest size, an early and good bearer; yellow and red, very handsome, melting and juicy, not high flavored. Ripens last of July. Brockworth Park, a seedling of Mr. Laurence, of Brockworth Park, England. This pear was sent out with high commendations, but with me it is quite worthless. I have several trees of this variety. It is a feeble grower, and the fruit cracks badly. Ripens October. Louis Vilmorin; fruit large, color a fine cinnamon russet, flesh fine grained, juicy, perfumed, sweet; promising"Winter pear. Ripens January. Monsieur Heberlin; tree a strong grower, holding its leaves till killed by the frost, a great bearer; fruit large, yellow, very fine grained, melting, juicy, sweet, slightly vinous.
This pear resembles the Bartlett in appearance, ripening from one to two weeks later - September. Madame André Leroy, raised by Andre Leroy, of Angers, France; tree a good grower, fruit large, but cracks badly; October. President Coupre, a very large pear, from Belgium; color yellow with a brown cheek. A promising late keeping pear; December. Compt. Lelieur, a Belgian pear of large size, looking much like Onondago, or Swan's Orange; color yellow, very juicy, quite promising. Chaumontel d'Ete, or Summer Chaumontel; fruit large, yellow with a fine red cheek, handsome and good quality. A promising Summer pear; August. St. Therese, one of Leroy's seedlings, of France; fruit medium, skin yellow and bright red, handsome and very good; ripening in October. Beurre Ballet Pere; tree a strong grower, and bears young, fruit large, yellow, handsome, and good; October. Goodale; this is a native seedling, and promises to be valuable. The fruit strongly resembles the Buerre d'Anjou, but with me it is larger, and nearly as large as that fine pear. The tree is a strong grower and holds its leaves late in the season. It is a great bearer, and I think one of the most promising varieties ripening in October. Micado, from Japan. The leaves of this tree are very large and ornamental.
Fruit medium, very flat, dark russet color, half melting; ripening October. Japan, another variety from that country which promises to be valuable. The tree is very ornamental, leaves large and glossy, and a prodigious bearer. Fruit quite large and nearly round; half melting. Skin a fine golden, russet, a beautiful fruit, fine for canning.
For the first time in ten years, the blight has made its appearance, and left its mark on a large number of pear trees. Some only a small limb, others have lost one-half their limbs, and in some instances the whole tree has been destroyed. Some of our old apple orchards, last fall, put on the appearance of a visit from the seven year locust, the leaves on the ends of the limbs from six inches to a foot, turned brown. On examination I could not trace any insect, and concluded that the blight that was destroying our pear trees had attacked the apple trees.. This blight was more noticable on some varieties than others. Rhode Island Greenings and Fall Pippins suffered the most.