This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A case is reported in the Journal of Forestry, where a Cupressus macrocorpa was submerged for two months in the winter without injury. This accords with American experience. No tree suffers from submergence for months in winter, though a few days of submergence in the growing season is fatal. It seems also understood in France, where winter submergence is recommended for grape vines, to destroy the phylloxera.
What is a Fruit ? - At a recent meeting of the Montgomery Co. (Ohio) Horticultural Society, Professor Morgan gave a very interesting lecture on botany. At the conclusion of the lecture the following proceedings are reported :
" Mrs. Powell asked the Professor where the drops of moisture came from which are found in the Crown Imperial.
"Professor Morgan - They come from the surrounding tissue, undoubtedly. They are merely a secretion of the plant, altogether analogous to the milk of the milk-weed and that class of plants.
" A lady member desired some light upon that class of plants termed the carniverous, and alluded to in the essay, to which the Professor replied by saying that the great Linnaeus rejected the idea that there were any such plants in existence. But the great naturalist was mistaken. Such plants do exist, and it has been clearly demonstrated that they feed upon and digest the soft parts of insects caught by them. The digestion is performed by a sort of gastric juice secreted by the plant. They are found about the bogs of the Carolinas and nowhere else in the world.
" It was suggested to the Chair that if the strawberry is not a fruit, as affirmed in the essay, that 'Othello's occupation is gone' - that he (Mr. O.) is no longer a fruit-grower, but a grower of something else, and the chief point of interest is, what sort of a nondescript did he grow.
"Professor Morgan explained very intelligently and satisfactorily to all present, the difference between a true fruit and the strawberry, which is no more a fruit than the tip of an asparagus plant or celery stalk".
There is probably some misapprehenson of Professor Morgan's position. The fleshy portion of the"fruit" which we so relish in the strawberry is, of course, but the receptacle; but even in a technical sense it would hardly do to say that the receptacle was not part of the fruit, certainly much more so than the"tip of an asparagus".