This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The Iowa Horticultural Society warns people that agents are selling"Dwarf June Berries" for real "Huckle-berries." What are Dwarf June Berries ?
Mr. Sereno Watson kindly contributes the following note:
" The 'Dwarf June-berry,' of page 141 is doubtless Amelanchier alnifolia, Nuttall, a species very distinct from any form of A. canadensis, abundant in all the mountains from Colorado to California, and fruiting fully.
Another correspondent says:"There is a very good account of the Dwarf June Berry in the American Agriculturist,April, 1871, p. 14b I tried it for three or four years, and in all that while did not get a quart of fruit. At the first hint of ripening the birds go for the fruit, and not one do they leave. I got out of patience, and threw all out but a few to keep as flowering shrubs, and they are very floriferous and worth growing as such. It suckers very finely, which is an answer to the nurseryman's question, 'Will it cut?'"
And we have the following from Mr. H. A. Terry, Crescent City, Iowa.:
"Since I wrote the article in regard to the Dwarf June Berry, in your May number, I have learned that tree agents are preparing to flood our State with plants of the true Whortleberry or Blueberry of the East, which are entirely worthless in this State. Now what shall we do to prevent the people from being imposed upon ? Dr. Hall, of Davenport, has been growing this Dwarf June Berry for several years, and sending it out as the true Huckleberry, making it appear that the Huckleberry succeeds in our State; and now the tree agents are taking it up, and the people will try it on the recommendation of Dr. Hall. If you have access to the Report of our State Horticultural Society for 1877, I would suggest that it would be very proper for you to publish the resolutions on page 205 of said report. Unless I forget it, I will at the proper time send you more plants of the genuine Dwarf June Berry".
I see an inquiry in the March number of the Gardener's Monthly, asking what is the dwarf Juneberry. It is a dwarf species of the Service berry that grows wild in the woods of Kentucky. Ohio, and probably in other States. The fruit and foliage of the two are alike; the only difference I ever could discover between the two, one is a tree growing fifty feet high, the other is a little dwarf, growing three to four feet high. 1 have had them bearing abundantly at eighteen inches in height; have had it in bearing for the last ten years. I brought a few plants with me when I came here: and found it growing here with one of my neighbors; he says it bears profusely here. Here it is easy grown from layers, and bears fruit the second year from planting.
[The point we are not quite clear about is the distinction between the"dwarf" June Berry and any other. The common one - Indian cherry of these parts - grows 25 to 30 feet high; but for all that it bears freely, and with nice large fruit, at two or three feet, and at two or three years old. What we wish to find out for our readers is, whether they could call the ordinary June Berry the " dwarf" June Berry, without being considered '" a fraud." For there is no use in having distinctive names without differences. - Ed. G. M].