This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Among the most remarkable appearances of the season, was an abundance of curculioby the end of April in Philadelphia. With so much time to work, there will be very little chance for an unaided crop of plums. By the same date, myriads of Colorado Beetles were after the "early worm "in the shape of potato leaves. As fast as a little green speck was seen, a hundred sharp eyed-beetles were after it. It is very unusual to have to go for the Paris green box so early.
Col. Wilder, under date of May 3d, writes:"Splendid weather! 84°. Peaches, cherries, pears, all in bloom. There will be a small crop of pears, with few exceptions. Anjous are full of bloom.
This the earliest season since 1865, when we cut grass 13 inches high, on 19th April".
Box Elder is one of the hardiest trees we have; makes a rapid growth for the first eight or ten years, and is a handsome tree, but seldom gets over thirty or forty feet in height. The quality of its wood is similar to that of the silver maple. The seed can be gathered the same as the Ash, and at the same time. They should be mixed with sand, and kept damp (never wet) through the Winter, in a cool place. Plant as recommended for Ash.
Cottonwood grows rapidly, with little care; makes a quick shade or wind-break, and is pretty good fuel when dry. Young plants are often found along the streams, and may be transplanted to the grove; or it may be easily propagated from cuttings of the last year's growth, which may be taken off' at any time in mild weather during the Winter. Cut twelve inches long, and pack away in earth till Spring. Plant in mellow soil, leaving only two or three inches of the top above ground.
Silver Maple is a rapid grower; the wood is finegrained, and is used to some extent in cabinet work. It is, however, liable to be broken by high winds, and by ice and snow accumulating on the branches. When closely planted in groves or belts, this is less likely to occur. The seed ripens in May and June, and must be gathered and planted soon after, in drills, covering about me inch deep.
The seed of the Oak ripens in the Fall, and should be treated as recommended for Walnut. The Hackberry and Kentucky Coffee Tree ripen their seed the same time as the Oaks, and should be treated as recommended for Honey Locust. The Elms ripen their seed in May and Tune, and should be treated as recommended for Silver Maple.