This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V21", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Some weeks ago we noticed the plum orchard of Judge Ramsdell, of Traverse City, Michigan, an account of which was given by Prof. Beal in the Rural New Yorker. The orchard consists of 700 trees, set twelve by sixteen feet; these have been planted at different times within the last six years. Hoed crops have been planted in the orchard; a sown crop of buckwheat injured the trees. Half a bushel of wood ashes to each tree much improved them. Judge R. excludes insects from climbing the trees by a belt of tin encircling each, the ends of which hook together, the lower edge is pressed into the soil. The insects cannot crawl up over the smooth surface of the tin. Curculios are killed by the means of an unremitting application of the jarring process, which we have frequently described. From past experience, he would plant at the following rate for market, for each hundred:
20 Washington, 17 Bradshaw, 16 Lombard.
17 Smith's Orleans,
10 Lawrence Favorite.
From 200 of his oldest trees, he picked three years ago fifty bushels; the next year seventy-five bushels, and the past season 150 bushels -the trees then six years old. The average price was $4.00 a bushel. - Country Gentleman.