This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V21", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The saving of one year in the propagation of Peach trees having attracted the attention of nurserymen, I was induced to give June budding a trial. My first experiment upon two thousand proved very disastrous. The seeds were planted on extra hemp ground - a Kentucky term for the best of land - and were worked the first week in June, the stocks then averaging about the thickness of a lead pencil. After the buds had united well, they were headed in the usual manner. Visions of nice, smooth, light stock that would compare favorably with Eastern trees, floated pleasantly through my mind at this time. The stocks when headed were making an exuberant growth, and their total defoliation killed the entire lot outright.
My second experiment, last season, varied in detail from the first, in the manner of heading. The tops instead of being entirely removed were broken about an inch above the bud until sufficient foliage had been formed below the fracture to obviate the preceding loss. The buds broke very uniformly, and when six inches high the tops were entirely removed and as soon as deemed prudent sprouted. The growth was not very satisfactory, and the foliage presented decidedly a "dyspeptic" appearance. At digging time I was impressed with the idea that my June budded stock would be very much more ornamental on the "brush pile " than in the pack trenches, and grubbing-hoe in hand proceeded to its execution. The best trees attained a height of four feet, and in all but smoothness would have answered as a support to the languid steps of "that fashionable young man about town".
Peach trees here, raised in the ordinary way generally attain a diameter of three-fourths of an inch or over, a foot above the bud and are six to eight feet high. The average planter "in the Blue Grass" would not be favorably inclined towards "June" stock, and individually I am entirely satisfied as to the expediency of the new method.