This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V21", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A respected correspondent thinks our remarks on lawns were not perfect. He believes it is a mistake to leave the mowings on the grass. It shades and weakens the finer grasses, and in this way assists the coarser ones that we should rather repress; and again he thinks we should have laid some stress on the necessity of an occasional weeding out of the larger and coarser weeds. For these hints we thank him, and have little to object to in his statement of them. It is pleasant to note the growing interest in lawns. Neat and well kept grass is amongst the best ornaments of a country home.
Early in June the hedges should have their first trimming. Successive seasons of observation have shown that the hint we threw out a few years ago in regard to the injury of early pruning hedges is correct. A young hedge of Osage, Honey Locust, or anything, should not be cut at all till it is two or three years old; not indeed till the shoots are one or even two inches thick. Then they should be cut even with the earth in the Winter time, and the following year they will throw up a luxurious mass of sprouts, which may be trimmed into shape the next June, and before the Fall we have a complete, perfect, impenetrable fence. Of course this and all other hedges should be trimmed so that the sides slope from apex to base, in order that all the leaves may have as much light as possible.
Some people prune trees in Summer time, when pruning is desirable, instead of deferring it to the Winter season; and the practice has some advantages.
The Rose season reminds us to say that we are almost sorry they are so generally grown on their own roots, for it was such a nice employment for many people, not professional gardeners, to bud them on the Manetti stock. But the suckers from these wild stocks came up, and in time so weakened the grafted part, that it soon died. Florists would say that amateurs should keep the suckers cut away; but it is not easy for amateurs to distinguish one from the other. Yet we hope the pleasant practice of budding roses will not fall into disuse. Any hardy kind can be used for a stock, and one may have a dozen or more kinds on one plant in this way. In budding roses, or indeed in budding any kind of plant, strong healthy stocks should be selected, and above all, strong healthy buds. It is chiefly when weak stocks or weak buds are used, that failure follows. On a recent visit to Boston, we saw especial reason to refer to this matter of budding roses. A person was complaining that his fine English imported Roses - beautiful a few years ago, were "running out," and he doubted if the Boston climate was good for the rose; but we found the "running out" merely meant that one half the plants were now nothing hut the Manetti; on which the English now bud extensively.
The stocks had out-grown the grafts.
Herbaceous plants are very liable to die out by untowards events in Winter or Summer. It is best to save a few seeds of the most desirable, so as to have a reserve chance should the old plant die. It is found by experience that many live in rock gardens under the partial shade of trees, better than in the full sunlight.
The time will soon come when the heat loving plants, such as coleus, alternanthera, and so-forth, will be in their glory; and a pinching back a little at this season helps them wonderfully.