This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V21", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Chief Justice Agnew, in a letter published in the proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, December, 1878, notices that on his yearly travels over the Pennsylvania Railroad, bare rocky hills become in time clothed with young timber trees from natural or self-sown seeds. The Alleghanies, if left to themselves, would always be forest land.
One of the most valuable contributions to practical science is from Prof. Ked-zie's pen, and published in the monthly report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture for Dec. '78. Contrary to almost universal belief, it is found that corn smut is not poisonous to cattle. The fungous growth on Indian corn commonly known as "corn smut" is the work of Ustilago Magidis.
We have to be careful what we understand when a common name is used, for instance the "cheat" of the Eastern farmer is Bromus secalinus; but when a farmer in California talks of "cheat" we are to understand that the Lolium temulentum is referred to. It is hard to learn Latin names sometimes; but if people would try to do so, it would save a great deal of misunderstanding and quarreling.
The past season seems to have brought this phenomenon to more than usual public notice. In the Newburg, N. Y., Daily Journal, Mr. J. Smith notices some as being on exhibition there. The way in which these are produced, as Mr. Stauffer suggests, is very much like the "growing inwards" of a toe-nail. The stolon or thread which usually pushes out from the eye, and bears the tuber, takes the inward direction instead, and thus the tuber is formed on the inside of the old one.
We see going the rounds of the papers, a paragraph to the effect that Prof. DeCandolle has discovered that salt water will do as well as alcohol to preserve flowers or fruits for any length of time. This statement is likely to mislead. In a copy of the original paper kindly sent to us by Prof. DeC., we note that he distinctly says that mere salt water will not do; but that it must be boiled seawater.
We have had several inquiries as to where to get the beautiful fern pillar noticed in our last can be obtained. As there stated it is the invention of Mr. Tyerman of England, and we only offered it as a test on which to form some suggestions. Not exactly that pattern, but others for the same and similar purposes may be found in the collection of the "Moorehead Clay Works" of Philadelphia, a beautiful catalogue of which is yearly issued, and which we suppose may be had on application.