This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V21", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Although the rose will grow in any ordinary fertile ground, it succeeds best in a deep, rich, creamy soil, rather stiff than otherwise, but free from stagnant moisture. If your ground is a heavy clay it may be sufficiently improved by a dressing of good sharp sand, and leaf mould or burnt clay. On the other hand if the ground should be of a very light and gravelly nature, give a good dressing of turfy loam and well rotted cow manure.
A very few words on the subject of pruning will be sufficient at this time. Hybrid perpetuals should have their shoots slightly shortened after the first crop of bloom is over. And in the Spring give them a liberal pruning. Teas, Chinas, Bourbons, etc., also require severe pruning, as they flower from young wood. Climbing Roses require little, the removal of ail dead and feeble wood and very slight shortening back of the shoots will be sufficient for them.
This hardy climber is of very rapid growth. and attaches itself as the common Ivy does, by sending out roots from the new growth of each year. A small plant will cover a large space of rough wall in a very short time. It propagates easily from the young wood. It retains its foliage through the severest Winters. I have made a fair test of its good qualities as an evergreen climber during the past three years.
Somewhere in his European wanderings, the exact place now forgotten, the Editor came on a White Pine tree, the leading shoot of which had been taken out when the plant was four or five feet high and the leader always kept out. The result was a spreading bush of remarkable beauty. Nothing was trimmed or touched but these leading shoots. It did not look in the least unnatural, and we thought it a plan worth imitating now and then.
There is at Osaka, a Pine tree which has been prevented from growing upwards, and is but seven feet high, but the lateral branches have spread so that they are three hundred feet in circumference. The chief art in Japanese gardening, is to make trees grow in odd forms.
There is not much beauty in the ordinary clipped or sheared tree or bush, yet very much might be done to make some take on peculiar, graceful forms, or some shape that even an artist would call beautiful. Not to distort nature, but to encourage her towards her best efforts is surely a worthy object of the garden art.