This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V21", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Late frosts in the Spring, and severe wind storms during early Autumn, did much to reduce the crop, yet the yield has been very large. Including barrel, costing thirty cents, prices have ranged for picked fruit, from fifty cents for common, to one dollar for extra fine; the average price for good fruit being seventy-five cents. These low rates are due to a moderate shipping demand in consequence of a good crop East. Last Pall I could make a peck of Apples buy a bushel of Potatoes. This Fall I can make a peck of Potatoes buy a bushel of Apples. It has become the rule that one year Apples are so high that few can afford to buy them, and the following year so low farmers can hardly afford to pick and haul them to market. The practical question growing out of this subjeet is, cannot something be done to change the bearing year. Experienced orchardists assure me they have produced this result by picking all the young fruit. The matter is certainly worth careful consideration and experiment, and particularly so in this State, with five counties so largely devoted to orchards, one county alone having sent to market in a single season a million barrels of Apples.
A large amount of Apples this season will be made into cider. One mill here intends to grind three hundred thousand (300,000) bushels, and three mills I hear are grinding eighty thousand (80,000), and a multitude of smaller mills will grind from five to fifty thousand bushels each. In our five great orchard counties there will be ground this season, according to the estimate of good authorities, more than a million bushels of Apples. This seems like a large estimate, but I am disposed to think it not greatly exagerated. Cider makers here pay eight to ten cents per bushel.