This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V21", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The Scientific Farmer says: The butternut is esteemed for the posts and rails of rural fences in America, for troughs for the use of cattle, for corn-shovels, and wooden dishes. Shellbark hickory provides baskets, whip-handles, and the backbows of Windsor chairs. The pignut hickory is preferred to any other for axletrees and axe-handles. The sugar maple is used by wheelwrights, for axletrees and spokes, and for lining the runners of common sleds. Dogwood is used for the handles of light tools, such as mallets, small vices, etc. In the country it furnishes harrow teeth to the American farmer, and supplies the harness of horses' collars, etc.; also lining for the runners of sledges. The mountain laurel is selected for the handles of light tools, for small screws, boxes, etc. It most resembles boxwood, and is most proper to supply its place. Bowls and trays are made of red birch, and when sapplings of hickory or white oak are not to be found, hoops, particularly those of rice casks, are made of the young stocks and of branches not exceeding one inch in diameter.