This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V22", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A writer in the London Garden gives the following interesting sketch of the Honeysuckles known in English gardens. It includes the upright as well as the twining kinds. It is interesting, as enabling us to see that in some things we are not far behind English cultivators. The early variety from German gardens, known as Magnavillse, they do not seem to know anything of. It is much larger than the Paricly-menum, and at least two weeks earlier than any of that section. There are upwards of eighty species in the temperate and warm regions of the North. This genus was named in honor of the German botanist Lonicer. There is great confusion in the nomenclature of the Japanese and Chinese Honeysuckles, arising probably from the fact that many of them are garden varieties.
This favorite indigenous shrub is surpassed by none of the exotic species in the profusion and fragrance of its flowers, but for brilliancy of coloring there are many superior. Flower-heads terminal, peduncled; upper leaves sessile; berry crimson. There are several improved varieties, including the Dutch, L Belgica, the Oak leaved, Lonicera quercifolia, and late red, L serotina, and one with variegated foliage of little merit.
This species strongly resembles the preceding in the color of its flowers, but the flower-head is sessile and the upper leaves connate. A native of the South of Europe.
Flowers orange-yellow, capitate; heads pedunculate. Upper leaves connate, young ones hairy beneath. A native of the South of Europe, flowering in May, though not so freely as some.
This in its different varieties is one of the handsomest species in cultivation, bearing its scarlet inodorous flowers in great profusion for a considerable period in summer. The leaves are quite glabrous, oblong or rotundate, glaucous beneath, and persistent during the greater part of the winter. The variety named Brownii, in which the flowers are of a brighter hue, is one of the best. It is a native of North America. Lonicera coccinea and Lonicera pubescens are allied species from the same country.
One of the best evergreen species. Leaves oval or oblong, glabrous and shining, with short hairy petioles. Flowers medium size, in pairs, pale yellow, and very sweet-scented. There is a handsome and very desirable variety, named aureo-reticulata, in which the foliage is beautifully netted or variegated with yellow, with a mixture of red towards autumn. This is undoubtedly one of the most elegant variegated plants in cultivation, and like many others of its class a native of Japan. Lonicera japonica, or Lonicera chinensis, is a form of this species with more or less hairy leaves. [This is known as Hall's Honeysuckle in American gardens. Ed. Gardener's Monthly].
Stems and young leaves hairy. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, purplish below when young. Flowers pink and yellow, in pairs, very fragrant. Japan.
An erect species with small ovate or obovate hairy leaves and hairy yellow small flowers in axillary pairs. There are varieties with white, yellow, crimson, and black berries. A native of Europe, introduced in some parts of this country. L Tartarica is an allied species with rosy-pink flowers in the common form, and yellow or white in the varieties.
This species is desirable as an early flowering plant. It puts forth its pure white highly odoriferous flowers in February before the leaves are developed. Lonicera Stan-dishii, very near the preceding, has purple and white scented flowers. Both are natives of China.