This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V22", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A. most successful undertaking in forest culture is being carried forward by Mr. B. F. Peck, of Bethany, N. Y., who commenced his plantations four or six years ago. He has ten acres in his new woodland plantation, the soil being far from fertile, a clay loam resting on a shell work near the surface. The varieties of trees grown are European larches and Scotch pines. At two years from the seed these young larches are trees, planted to places where they are to remain, four feet apart each way, an acre thus containing 2,640. Those that have been set four years are now from eight to ten feet high, vigorous in growth, and branching so extensively as to make it difficult for one to pass through the "woods." These are from one and a half to two inches in diameter at the ground. Those set six years are twelve feet high, more than three inches in diameter, while a few that have been set eight years are from eighteen to twenty-four feet high and from four to six inches through. The pines are planted out sixteen feet each way. In a few years Mr. Peck will begin to thin out the larches, using them for poles and small fence posts.
The land is thought to pay as well in these trees as if planted to ordinary farm crops, while the advantages they afford in protection to other crops and to the farm buildings is inestimable. Mr. Peck believes if twenty per cent, of our old cleared land was planted to forest trees, it would render the remaining eighty per cent, more productive and valuable than the whole now is.