When I came to this country I held a good many such notions as "English Gardener," p. 276, with reference to the cultivation of the soil. I thought that ploughing was not so beneficial as digging, that crops would not do so well, and all such nonsense. This was before I had tried the plow. With digging I expected to have better crops than my neighbors with their plowing, but I found my mistake, and that as good crops, if not much better, were raised when the plow was used than when the spade was, and at less than half cost. I, therefore, put the spade to one side and adopted the plow instead, and so far have not had any reason to regret it but the reverse, as I am confident I can raise better crops by the use of the plow, cultivator and other American implements, and at one-third the cost than if I were to stick to the old-fashioned practices of the English market gardener. For the sake of his own success I would advise him, if he expects to compete successfully with those who use the plow, instead of the spade, to go and do likewise.

And in the Old Country nurseries and market gardens, where they are adopting the plow instead of the spade, as good plants and vegetables are raised as under the old regime of the spade and spud.

Mr. Henderson and I differ in a good many ways, but I wish I could stand on the same footing with him as a market gardener. I consider his success in this branch of horticulture as important as any he has practiced. But nothing cuts John Bull so badly as to tell him the American system of doing things is ahead of his. And X can safely say that nine out of every ten failures by gardeners, whether florists or market gardeners, is by sticking to their Old Country notions, and the sooner " greenhorn " gardeners lay their Old Country practices to one side and adopt the cheaper and more energetic method of doing things as practiced by successful men in this country, the sooner will they come to success.