This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V22", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The annual meeting was held at Atlanta, August 4th and 5th, and was remarkably successful. Presi dent Berckmans presided. The city itself is a marvel of prosperity. It is not so many years ago that it was a wilderness, and though suffering severly during the war, has shown wonderful powers of recuperation.
In a discussion on the apple leaf fungus, Mr. Berckmans suggested to Professor Willet an investigation of the fungus which attacks the apple leaf, and suggested that it might be propagated from the red cedar.
Mr. Newman said that his attention had been called to a statement in the American Agriculturist that this fungus was one stage of the growth of that on the cedar. He had noticed that apple trees growing near cedars were worse affected than those remote from them, and that the fruit and leaves of the quinces were attacked and the tendrils similar to those on the cedar ball developed in moist weather on the fruit.
In regard to this the editor of the Gardener's Monthly may note that in some parls of New Jersey the apple trees are as yellow as gold, so much so, that the golden color can be noted for a half a mile away. This "apple leaf fungus" is the fruiting condition of Roestelia cancellata. It would serve very much the caues of American Pomology if conventions would get the correct names of the subjects introduced; as then the whole circle of intelligence, knowing what was talked about, could throw in its mite of information. Unfortunately little is known of the manner in which the Roestelia works, so that no one can suggest any remedy. The fungus which makes the apple on the cedar is the Podisoma, and has no relation to the Roestelia.
In regard to the effect of habit on character, Dr. Jones observed: "Corn adapts itself to almost all climates while the Apple is extremely fastidious. Seed Corn brought from the north to the south continues its habits of maturing in a short period, but seed from this grows later each year. The reverse is true when Seed Corn is carried from a southern to a northern climate".
During a discussion on Apples, Dr. Jones asked Mr. Berckmans if he thought we would ever be equally successful with the North in producing Apples.
Mr. Berckmans replied: Judging from our experience for the last twenty five years, I think not. Our Apples will develop their tendency to early bearing, and with that follows short life.
In regard to early Peaches, it was conceded that there was a real gain, and that there were varieties which had placed the Peach season a month earlier than it was fifteen years ago. In the matter of location of a Peach orchard, Mr. Berckmans alluded to the fact that on Lookout Mountain, where Mrs. I. W. Bryan, who has such a fine exhibition in our hall, resides, the trees most exposed to cold blasts had escaped most, while those best protected by forests had been killed. Dr. Hape reported that no essential difference in any respect could be discovered between the Amsden and Alexander Peaches. The same singular phenomenon was noted this season, which the Gardener's Monthly noted in other sections last year, that there was no material difference in the ripening of any of the early Peaches. They were all later than usual and ripened together. A few cases of yellows had been seen on the orchard of Mr. Kintey of Savannah. Some other kinds of "blights" were freely discussed.
Dr. Hape thought trees planted on a northeast eastern exposure escape the blights more generally than those having a southwesterly exposure.
Mr. Kinsey, of Chatham, said his experience and observation in his own orchard sustained Dr. Hape's views.
Mr. Cole had found linseed oil on the bark of tne Peach produced no injurious result.
In the exhibition there were no less than thirty varieties of vegetables from Mrs. Bryan, showing how great is the assortment which can be raised in that region.
Apples. Pears, Peaches and Grapes comprised most of the fruits of the exhibition: and flowers came from Mrs. Inman, Mrs. Galcerun, and Mrs. Keely. Mr. P. J. Berckmans, was selected for the sixth time President of the Society.