This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V22", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Dr. Rosenthal counts, among twelve hundred useful plants, three hundred and sixty species which are fit for weaving, spinning, basket-making, cordage, etc, species which are distributed over the whole earth, and of which nearly every country has some that may be cultivated with profit.
Whenever we encounter decaying vegetable matter, we observe some form of fungi using up and appropriating the changed substances of a former condition to the generation of a new life, - a change of condition. The absorbing roots of these parasites grow into the tissues of the host in the most intimate manner, deriving from a disorganization of the substances the elements necessary to their own being.
Yes, there is a green rose. It is so ugly as to be worth nothing except as a curiosity. It is a sport from the Rosa Indica, originated in Charleston, S. C, and disseminated from Baltimore.
The Greeks were the great lovers of the rose. Bion's lament for Adonis, translated by Mrs. Browning, is unsurpassed, if perhaps, we except the following, also from her pen:
"If Zeus chose as a king of the flowers in his mirth, We would call to the rose, and would royally crown it; For the rose, ho! the rose, is the grace of the earth; Is the light of the plants that are growing around it".
We may add here Mrs. Browning's inscription for a sun dial:
"See the shadow on the dial. In the lot of every one, Marks the passing of the trial, Proves the presence of the sun".
Another inscription is good - "The Night Cometh".
Small orange trees, Chinese or Japanese, are beautiful ornaments for the table, in fact everywhere beautiful with their wealth of green and golden fruit.
Mr. Bright, in his "Lancashire Garden," says the Crocus is less cared for than it deserves. Modern poets rarely mention it; but Homer, when be would make a carpet for the gods, it is Lotus, Hyacinth and Crocus, and Virgil's bees find their honey among Cassia and Lime blossoms, and iron-grey Hyacinths and glowing Crocus. Virgil speaks, too, of the scent of the Crocus, and Latin authors, when they wish to express a bright deep orange color, call it the color of the Crocus.
Agricidture and horticulture " before that time, (forty years ago) may be said to be conducted under a Virgilian system, cultivators adhering more to blind custom than to reason." - Burnet Landreth's Post Gardens.
Coivley quaintly says: "The first three men were a gardener, a plowman, and a grazier, and if any man object that the second was a murderer I desire he would consider that as soon as he was so he quitted our profession and turned builder " - Ibid.