This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V22", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The taste for cut-flowers, like the taste for bedding plants, has grown to such proportions as to almost overshadow the love of beautiful winter-flowering plants, which in the past made the greenhouse in winter such a love of a place to spend a few hours in. The cut-flower enthusiasm covers only a score or two of items, some half dozen kinds of roses, Callas, Bouvardias, Heliotrope, Carnations and Mignonette, and the list is near complete. The taste for all does a little for true flower culture. It cannot be that the love of flowers will stop with a "bunch," a tasteful bouquet, or a basket. Some among the admirers of these conventional things will want to move, and we have little doubt that the love of nice collections of well grown winter plants will grow out of mere "cut-flower" love.
For winter-flowering many things like Carnations, Bouvardias, Jasmine, and others, are grown out of doors during summer, and are lifted and potted early in October.
In taking up things from the ground for potting, care should be taken to have the pots well drained, with pieces of potsherd over the hole. The more rapidly water passes through the soil the better plants will grow. Pots could be made without holes, and the water would all go through the porous sides in time; but that is too slow a way, so we make a hole to admit of its more rapid escape, and we place the broken pots over the hole to make a vacuum, which assists the object of the hole. In very small pots, or with plants which have strong enough roots to rapidly absorb all the moisture they get, and speedily ask for more, "crocking" is not necessary.
Bulbs for flowering in pots should be planted at once. Four or five inch pots are suitable. One Hyacinth and about three tulips are sufficient for each. After potting, plunge the pots over their rims in sand under the greenhouse stage, letting them remain there until the pots have become well filled with roots, before bringing them on to the shelves to force.
To watch for the first appearance of insects of all kinds, is one of the chief points of immediate interest in plant culture. If they once become numerous, it is often better to throw away a plant entirely than to doctor it after the old methods.