This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V22", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Whether much has resulted as to placing salmon in the rivers of this country is yet unknown. The extent of the salmon canning on the Columbia river is so astonishing as to deserve notice. As many as three hundred thousand cases have been made up in one season, each case containing forty-eight cans of one pound each. The fish run up the Columbia to a distance of four hundred miles from the sea, finding also, ample room in shallow places for spawing as well as in the numerous tributaries. The average weight is twenty-two pounds, but one has been taken weighing sixty-five pounds. As a rule, a Columbia river drift net is about three-quarters of a mile in length, and twenty feet in depth, giving a grand power of capture. The cleaning and curing is all done by Chinese. The profit on each can is small, but 3000 salmon manipulated in a single day yield great returns. Fears, however, are entertained that the enormous catch will exhaust the supply.
Among the Chinese who have come to this country a gardener, as we think, has not yet been heard of. At the Centennial there were specimens of curiously dwarfed trees, but they scarcely seemed worthy of a paragraph from anybody. The Americans prefer big trees to small ones; a professor of dwarfing would not find employ among us, and yet it is worthy of inquiry whether they may not have some secrets or plans of horticultural skill worth adopting. To China our gardens owe much. What is more beautiful or profuse than the Wistaria and some of the Magnolias? It is related of the opulent merchant Consequa, that when a supercargo called on important business, he was found gazing on his Wistaria, which received its first name from him, and would not be called off for mere money making.
The lover of knowledge will never be discouraged under the most unfavorable circumstances. Galileo Galilei when a boy matriculated at Pisa as a medical student, but mathematics was his ambition, and we first hear of him listening outside the door of a room in which Ricci, the Court Mathematician of Florence, who was teaching the pages of the Grand Duke a little Euclid. We next find him watching the long swing of the lamp. The observation of the student and the immediate practical application of it, was the forerunner of the greatness of the man. He applied the knowledge to the more accurate measurement of the pulse beat. We know the rest.
An estimate of the annual injury to the coffee plant by the fungus Hemillia Vastatrix in Ceylon alone, gives a loss of ten millions of dollars.