In Europe, forest planting has been on the whole profitable, but chiefly when the forest has been under the special care of an experienced forester. In this way they are made to: pay from the very start, as various kinds of a dergrowth is planted with the trees which are to make the permanent timber. Thus, hoop-poles, hop-poles, various barks or dye stuffs, posts, charcoal, and all sorts of things come in regularly, so that men are continually employed on something or another in the forest all the year. It is found by this sort of care, that the whole cost of the forest comes back in about ten years, with good interest, and what is made afterwards is clear profit. The mere planting of trees alone, for future timber, will not yet pay in Europe. In our own country it is pretty much the same. Notwithstanding the enormous depletion of the forests by fire and the wants of man, there are yet millions of acres of cheap timber land, and every new railroad opens; up new forests to the markets. Still there are many places where timber culture would be a, great success if it could be judiciously followed as a business.

The work on which Prof. Sargent is engaged in connection with the next census, will no doubt show where these opportunities are, so that those who do not wish to " carry coals to New Castle," may profit.