This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
By C. W. Howard, Dilton, Georgia.
Just now "Grasses for the South" is an important topic, and anything in relation thereto is interesting.
At the outset we must remember that the needs of the South are different from those of the North, and it is not therefore so much a question as to what grasses will grow there, as how, and at what season they grow. The author of this pamphlet tells us that " grasses for the South " means grasses for " winter grazing." They do not want the " cost of cutting and curing hay, and of the construction of expensive barns, costing thousands of dollars, where cattle and sheep are housed and fed six or eight months in the year." Yet the author tells us "it will pay, and pay handsomely, to manure winter pastures." The writer of this has had many opportunities of studying southern soil culture, and the great difficulty seemed to be in the supposed southern advantage. As cattle run at pasture all winter there is no manure yard, and though it may pay handsomely to manure a winter pasture, there is no manure in the yard to make this handsome profit. In most parts of the South we have found the approved practice to be to take off two or three crops and then leave the ground to run waste for two or three more till the land shall have been manured by the natural decay of weeds on it.
From our experience we believe it will pay to build barns, and feed cattle, even though they can be left to run at large and graze all winter; and we think such a little work as this before us, showing what may be grown successfully in the South, will be useful to those who are seriously studying this question.