This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
It is the misfortune of progress that many assumed facts are admitted on insufficient evidence, and speculations founded on them often come to naught. A good illustration of this is in the reputed relations between bees and clover. European works have asserted the impossibility of clover ever producing seed unless fertilized by humble bees. The Editor of this magazine experimented, and found that in his part of America the clover did seed just as well when humble bees were excluded as when they had all their supposed assistance. Moreover, that when the humble bee in America wanted honey from clover it bored in from the outside, and made no use of the cross-fertilization arrangements at all! Against this was always brought the argument, "You must be wrong. Clover once never produced seed in New Zealand, but since the introduction of the humble bee it seeds freely." The Editor has more than once replied in this magazine, that there is no evidence that the humble bees are there at all, - but still on the rounds in the most intelligent papers, marches on the story of the utility of the introduced bees in producing clover seed in New Zealand.
Now we find the following in the Timaru (New Zealand) Herald of February 7th, 1881: