This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
We do not know whether the Japanese have a national flower, as England has the rose, Scotland its thistle, or Ireland the shamrock, but the regard which they seem to give the Chrysanthemum approaches something like national reverence. The order of the Chrysanthemum is among the highest of their national honors. The Monthly Bulletin of the Society of Acclimatation of Paris, as translated by the London Gardener's Chronicle, has the following about a blue Chrysanthemum: "A variety of the Chrysanthemum exists in Japan with blue flowers. It is represented very frequently on Japanese porcelain, both ancient and modern, especially that of Satsuma and Kioto; it also appears on cloisonne enamels and embroidery. In the History of Nin-toku-ten-wau the following passage occurs: 'In 386, in the seventy-third year of his reign, seeds of the Chrysanthemum were first introduced into Japan from a foreign country, both blue, yellow, red, white and violet.' The Japanese commentator remarks: 'By a foreign country is meant the kingdom of Paik-tse, one of the States of Corea.' (Bull. Mens, de la Soc. d Acclimatation, January, 1881, p. 54.)"