This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Fruit culture made considerable progress during the reign of Henry VIII., whose gardener, Mr. Harris, planted the first cherry orchards of Kent. Progress was again arrested for a short time by the Parliamentary wars, but only for a few years, and when it recommenced a "spirit of gardening and plantation" was awakened throughout the country by the great improvers of that period, whose names will occur to the reader, including Cromwell, Samuel Hartlib and Evelyn. A large number of foreign plants were brought to this country, during the earlier epoch of horticultural improvement, by gentlemen returning from their travels. The damask rose was brought from Italy by the learned Linacre. Thomas, Lord Cornwall, in the reign of Henry VIII., added to our fruits three kinds of plums. Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury, brought over the Tamarisk; one of the Carew family transplanted to the family seat at Beddington, Surrey, the orange, which flourished there for a century. We owe to Sir Walter Raleigh two well-known plants.
Clover came from Flanders with Sir Richard Weston, in 1645; figs were planted at Lambeth by Cardinal Pole; lime trees at Dartford by Spilman, founder of English paper-mills. The original plants grow there still, 290 years old; but, as one form of the lime tree is certainly indigenous, this particular introduction was not the first, but only the most notorious. The Lombardy poplar was brought over by the Earl of Rochford, in 1758. The first mulberry trees are still standing at Sion House, and were followed, about 1608, by many others, and by a general planting of the mulberry, and a first attempt by William Stallenge to introduce the silkworm.
We shall here bring our narrative to a close on the safe side of the nineteenth century - a period which would need some thousands of columns more than can be spared, even for the briefest summary of the introductions from abroad. - Gardener's Chronicle.