This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The November number of the Monthly is, as usual, stored with information most useful and interesting to all lovers of flori and horticulture. The communications of Messrs. Ellwanger, W. E. Meehan and Laxton, referring to the rose, the queen of flowers, make that number, as you say, "a rose number."
The culture of the rose has made of late years wonderful progress, not only in Europe, where its cultivation is carried on on a grand scale, especially in France, but also in the United States, where more roses and at higher prices are sold than in any other land under the sun, owing no doubt to the great love which the people of that favored land entertain for this most lovely flower. Where else but in the United States will people pay for a bouquet of Niels or other favorite flowers twenty dollars? Pay for a single bud from twenty-five to fifty cents? How different here, where prices even in the fashionable and world-renowned city of Baden-Baden are, in comparison to New York or Philadelphia, trifling. Only a few weeks ago a large and exquisite bouquet of Marechal NieL roses was offered to me at that celebrated watering place at the low price of two marks, not quite half a dollar. At Baden Baden there are many market gardeners and floriculturists, but their grounds as well as their plant-houses, cannot in extent be compared to anything that can be seen in the United States, even in their smaller cities.
However, the taste which gardeners display in the making of bouquets is very good; they use, for instance, half opened buds of the fine roses, Souvenir de Malmaison and Glorie de Dijon, interspersed with that grand violet, Lee's Victoria; the effect is very fine.
The culture of the rose at Steinfurth, Nanen-heim in Hesse, at Luxemburg, at Kurtritz in Thuringia, at Stuttgart, and many other places, is carried on on a grand scale, and very successfully too. Of late years many new and good roses have appeared, Mr. Bennet, of Stapleford, having succeeded in bringing out tea hybrids, which surpass many of the good old tea or remontant roses. If out of his six new roses he only succeeds with his Duke and Duchess of Connaught, two large, dark crimson colored, fine scented roses, very much will be gained, since these are the two first deep red roses amongst the Teas, where only white, orange and yellow so far are known.
The list of roses which Mr. Ellwanger cites is certainly a very good one, and doubtless well adapted to the northern climate of the States; but amongst a collection of three hundred different roses, which I frequently had an opportunity to see during the last summer, I found many roses which I think ought to have a place in every rosarium. I will mention a few in hybrid remontant:
A large, splendid, well-formed rose, flesh colored, similar to Baroness de Rothschilds.
A great bloomer, a carmine cherry red of brilliant color.
The two best dark red roses.
Inconstant bloom, the best white amongst the H. R.
A fine large rose, of velvety crimson color.
A brilliant rose for effect, large, of crimson color, but unfortunately, inodorous.
Deep, dark, brilliant red, the darkest of all roses, should be in every collection.
A constant blooming rose of a brilliant carmine color.
Is a lovely rose of crimson color.
I could give a long list of splendid roses, but space forbids; yet I will mention a few Bourbons and Teas, roses though old that have not been surpassed as yet:
A large Tea rose, of brilliant yellow color and highly scented.
As yet the finest Bourbon rose, of delicate flesh color.
So far the two best Tea roses. And last but not least, the superb H. R. (not Tea, as supposed by some) La France, the finest scented rose of all. Of new roses, fine acquisitions, I beg to name:
Of a fiery crimson color.
Aster-form, brilliant cherry carmine.
A large, well formed rose, rose with carmine, changing to violet, with violet odor.
This is a new Tea rose, large, red with carmine. Reine Marie Antoinette (Levet) also a Tea rote, in form of Glorie de Dijon, but not blooming.
Silvery silky, like La France, of a splendid form, a fine acquisition.
The last "nouvelties," are Bennet's tea hybrid roses, six in all, for which as yet high prices are paid: they are the Beauty of Stapleford, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, Honorable George Bancroft and Jean Sisley. Soupert & Notting, the well-known rosists of Luxemburg, are also out with a new tea rose, the Madame de Lochensils, in form like Souv. de Malmaison, silvery white, the under petals salmon colored. It is claimed to be a constant bloomer until frost sets in. The great firms of Verdier, Levet, W. Paul, Soupert & Notting, and others, are constantly on the qui vive for improving the rose. Legions of new roses appear from year to year, but only a few survive. Already the collection of Bourbon, Remontant and Tea roses is so great that the lover of the queen of flowers will find no difficulty in making his selections.
(To be continued.)