This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Thousands who intend to push out for a new country and grow up with it are asking themselves, "Where shall I go? By reference to the map of our country it will be seen that a belt some three hundred miles wide, including the latitude of Pennsylvania on the south, and Massachusetts on the north, and reaching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, includes the major part of our wealth - manufactures, railroads, mines, colleges and schools of our nation. It is a zone well adapted to a large range of most valuable farm productions; it includes the best dairy regions of our land. It is the region of robust physical development. Somewhere in this belt is a good place to seek a home; corn, wheat, oats, grass, and the more important fruits all do well here. But in the East, and in the Mississippi Valley, the price of land is so high that a man of moderate means must go further on. Wild land in Western Iowa ranges from $6 to $12 per acre. But just across the Missouri river, in the latitude of Central Iowa, in Eastern Nebraska, land can now be had from $2.50 to $5 per acre, on favorable terms as to time. These lands are near a net-work of recently constructed railroads.
The soil is precisely like that of the famous Missouri River Slope land in Western Iowa. Equally rich, and, if anything, more favorably formed for easy cultivation, being more gently undulating. The great rival trunk lines of railroad to the East meet on the border of this land at Omaha and Sioux City, There is no land in our country so well under-drained as this region, as its subsoil is the Loesse Deposit from 20 to 200 feet deep, which at once absorbs, retains and holds for future use the surplus rain of spring and early summer. As there are no sloughs, and the numerous creeks and rivers are rapid and fed from springs, there is next to no malarial influence to occasion fever and ague. There is scarcely any mud, and usually but very little snow in the winter. It is a latitude so cool as to render it necessary to provide hay and shelter for stock, and in consequence the stock is of high quality and adapted to enrich its owner. The grass grows finely on all the uplands, and makes the finest prairie hay. In the valleys of the Missouri, the Logan and the Elkhorn grass yields from two to four tons to the acre. Corn yields as well as in the best parts of Illinois and Iowa. The present low price of land cannot long continue.
Iowa farmers, arid especially the stockmen, must go where land is low. The facilities for shipping hay will cause that industry to flourish, and the broad and fertile valleys will soon be wanted for grass and corn.
Think it over. As good farm land as is to be found in our country, well watered, near important lines of railway, in the valley region of the great river, in the heart of our country, and to be had at from $2.50 to $5 per acre.
To see this region, strike for Omaha or Sioux City, Iowa, and in a few hours you can examine and see for yourselves.