We are sorry to learn from a French correspondent that botany is not as strongly encouraged as it once was. A naturalist was appointed with the French expedition to Mexico to sustain Maximilian, and it was one of the incidents which made an objectionable movement tolerable in some quarters, that at least science would be gainers. But the plants collected on that expedition are yet in unopened bundles at the Jar-din des Plantes, and an eminent botanist, like Baillon, writing a history of plants, has to go to Kew to study kinds, probably already at his elbow in Paris, but wholly inaccessible.

Our correspondent intimates that this shows that republics are not as favorably disposed towards science as are monarchies; but fortunately, the experience of the United States shows that this is not necessarily the case. Some of the best botanical work the world has ever seen has been done by the American Government in connection with the national surveys and expeditions. It is the men who happen to rule, not the systems which decide these things.