This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V24", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The Journal of the Society des Agriculteurs de France publishes some interesting particulars with regard to the forests of Europe and the rapid consumption of the timber which they contained. Sweden and Norway, which still do a large export trade in pine, are now compelled to buy their oak in Poland; and in Russia the forests along the shores of the Baltic, in Finland, and in the Southern provinces, are so rapidly thinning that the forest acreage of the empire is now only one in ten. There are about 34,000,000 acres of forest in Germany (of which 20,000,000 are in Prussia), bringing in an income of $50,000,000 per annum. The State forests are taken great care of in all parts of Germany, in Prussia alone $500,000 being spent every year in replanting. The imports of timber exceed the exports by over two million tons. Austria and Hungary have upward of 43,000,000 acres of forest; but in Austria proper the State does not possess more than seven per cent, of the wooded area, and Austria is now obliged to buy most of her timber in Bosnia and Montenegro. Servia and Rou-mania have some very fine forests; but Italy, though her forest area extends over nearly 14,-000,000 acres, does not do much in the way of a timber trade, as the roads leading to the forests are so bad that it is almost impossible to move the timber when cut.
Much the same is the case with Spain which has 8,500,000 acres of forest; while Portugal, which has only a million acres, finds a good market for her timber.