According to a recent paper by M. Joly, the first horticultural exhibition ever held in France, was by order of Francois de Neufchateau, Minister of the Interior. It was held in 1798, and brought out 110 exhibits. The Horticultural Society of Paris was founded in 1827; held its first exhibition in the orangery of the Louvre, and of the Luxem-burg Palace. Vilmorin had much to do with their success. The grand international expositions of 1855, 1867 and 1878, in Paris, did a great deal to foster and encourage horticulture.

In referring to the exhibitions of London, M Joly shows how much of the success is due to the enterprise of its leading nurserymen; and names especially in this connection Veitch, Bull, Sutton, and Carter. He claims that France should be, by virtue of its climate, the garden of Europe; but inclines to the belief, that the princely love of flowers is not as great as in Eng-land. He believes that the French horticultural societies have a mission to fulfil in doing more to reach the floral eminence of England.