This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V24", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
'W. C.," Bay view, Gloucester, Mass., writes : " Will you please be so kind as to inform me what kind of shrubs I can find hardy enough to withstand our extreme peculiar climate, on the north-west side of Cape Ann.
" Such plants as Lilacs, Sy-ringas, Forsythia, Dentzia, Al-thea, Ribes, Guelder Rose, Wie-gelia, Japan Quince; also, the Norway Spruce, Common White Pine, Austrian Pine, all winter kill.
" I think it is more from the effect of the vapor rising from the ocean in extreme cold weather, than from the intense cold, as the above-mentioned plants all thrive when planted either on the south-east side of hills, or anywhere under shelter within two or three hundred feet from the water; but as soon as ever they get tall enough for the north-west blasts to strike them, down they go".
[It is the salt in the vapor, blown into the plants by the keen sea-breezes, as much as the wind itself, which does the damage. The following list of plants is of such as do not mind a salt atmosphere so much as others, and we should select from it, for experiment, in situations suggested:
Acer campestre, Ailanthus glandulosa, Alnus glutinosa,
Amorpha fruticosa. Azalea viscosa, Berberis vulgaris,
Alnus maritima, Aralia spinosa, Amelanchier botryapium, Betula populifolia, Catalpa bignonioides, Celtis occidentalis, Nyssa multiflora, Populus alba,
" monilifera. Primus Americana,
" chicasa, Quercus nigra,
" tinctoria, Salix alba,
" Busseliana, " vitellina, Tamarisk Africana, " Indica, " tetandra,
Carragana arborescens Cephalanthus occidentalis. Chionanthus Virginica, Clethra alnifolia, Fothergilla alnifolia, Itea Virginica, Myrica cerifera, Prinos verticillata,
" floribunda, Viburnum nudum,
Andromeda calyculata, Arctostaphylos uva-ursa, Kalmia angustifolia, Leiophyllum buxifolium, Pinus inops,
" mugho, Prinos glaber, Yucca filamentosa.
- Ed. G. M.l