A genus of about twenty-five species, all giving a grand effect in the landscape, whether in group form or singly in the park or lawn. Most of the species are lofty conifers, massive, symmetrical and handsome, many of them with the under side of the leaves of a silvery white. All are hardy and delight in a cool moist atmosphere and a well-drained soil.
A number of the finest of the species are indigenous to California, Abies amabilis, Abies grandis, Abies Douglasii, Abies bracteata and Abies Mertensiana preferring the cool coast counties, while our other indigenous species, including Abies nobilis, Abies magnifica, Abies Pattoniana, Abies concolor, etc., seem to prefer the high valleys and ridges of the Sierras. "Many of the exotic species, such as Abies Nordmannia from the Crimea, Abies pectinata from Central Europe, Abies cephalonica from Greece, and all of the Asiatic species, such as Abies Morinda, seem to be at home with our natives, and, when growing side by side, with the same exposure and treatment, do equally well. The Eastern species, including the beautiful Abies balsamea, seem also to thrive, especially when given a sheltered half-shady situation.
Propagate by seeds sown, in February, one-eighth of an inch deep, in a cool frame; give them plenty of air and protect them from small birds until they are three inches high when they should be pricked off, two inches apart, into boxes, left there one year, and then transplanted into nursery rows.