This is an excellent shrub for the coast counties, being evergreen and of a dense habit; it requires no pruning. Slow of growth and always clear of dust, it gets along with little water and thrives in any garden soil, while it is also a good box-plant for verandas, etc.
Some very good varieties have been introduced from Japan, several of them with larger leaves and more vigorous habit of growth than any of the European species, one of these being Buxus Japonica, which grows to the height of ten feet, while Buxus Japonica variety micro-phylla has very small leaves, grows rather conical in shape and forms a dense bush.
Buxus longifolia (a native of Northern India) has narrow elliptic-shaped leaves. Buxus balearica is the largest of the genus, has yellowish-green leaves and, in good soil, grows to the height of thirty feet. Buxus suffruticosa, the dwarf species, is much used in formal gardening, in making edges to footpath and flower-beds, and in bordering walks in vegetable gardens.
Propagate by cuttings six inches long, inserted four inches in sandy soil at any time between September and February.
When the cuttings are of the dwarf variety, for an edging or border, they sould be planted singly about one inch apart.