A genus of hardy shrubs and small trees with single leaves and great sprays of sweet-scented pretty flowers. No hardy flowering tree gives finer color effects in the landscape than the Hawthorn, whether planted in groups or grown as single specimens. The Hawthorn prefers a good stiff loam or clayey soil, and, if the soil is kept well cultivated, no artificial irrigation will be required after the first year.

Propagate by seeds sown in the Fall, or as soon as the pulpy matter can be rotted from the seed; cover to the depth of half an inch and transplant the following Winter into nursery rows. The red-flowering and double white varieties are propagated by budding in May or by grafting in Winter on the common species in the usual manner. It should be noted that while some seeds germinate the first season, others may not germinate until the second year.