The Escallonias may be classed among our most useful shrubs, doing well however situated either as regards soil or exposure. They are natives of the cooler countries of South America, principally Chile and Patagonia. They all are evergreen and free-growing, so make excellent hedges, besides being very good plants for heavy grouping. Another, good quality is their habit of blooming late in the Fall and early Winter, when color is scarce, the Escallonia Montevidensis with its great bundles of terminal white blossoms having a very striking effect in November and December. The red-flowering Escallonia rubra and pink-flowering Escallonia rosea, the flowers of which contrast finely with the glossy green of the leaves, are much admired by lovers of fine shrubs.
There are about thirty-five species of this interesting family, all of them hardy, standing well the strongest winds and thriving even close to the ocean if not too near the salt spray. They make splendid pillar plants for the terrace or formal garden.
They stand pruning and are easily transplanted at almost any season. All the preparation necessary is to cut the plant well back, pruning off the small limbs and leaves so that only the larger branches remain. The roots should be dug up without any soil attached and, after being planted, the plant should be given a good watering. In a few weeks it will show new growth. Propagate by cuttings put in sandy leaf-mold in a cold frame in October; the following Spring plant them out in nursery rows until large enough to be planted in their permanent quarters.