What the Elm or the Oak is to Northern Europe, what the Conifers are to the Mountains of California, the Olive is to Italy, where it is grown both for its oil and as an ornamental tree. As a feature of the landscape it is very effective, its grey-green foliage and its soft willow-like habit fitting it well for grouping if allowed to grow naturally and not subjected to the pruning-knife.

It grows in any soil, even on a rocky hillside where it produces fine effects without irrigation.

Propagate, in Spring, by cuttings of either young or old wood, or by seeds sown one-half inch deep in the open ground; keep them in the nursery until well established.