Cuttings of any favorite variety of Roses may now be put in; select, for this purpose, half-ripe wood or short-jointed wood which has perfected its flowers. The cuttings should be taken off with a heel or cut just below a joint. Pieces of stems about four inches in length will be found sufficiently long for cuttings. Insert them in a shady, sheltered corner in sandy soil and let them remain there until growth commences, or, better still, insert them singly in small pots in a glass frame and plunge the pots in cool ashes, shading them for a few hours in the middle of the day. They should occasionally be sprinkled overhead with water and the frame should be kept moderately close. Frequent attention must be given in order to maintain the flower-garden in good and attractive condition; all spent blossoms should be removed.
All annuals whose flowering season is over should be taken up, the soil manured and the spaces planted with late-flowering plants. Attend closely to the cultivation and irrigation of all Autumn-flowering plants, such as Dahlias, Carinas, Chrysanthemums, etc., giving copious supplies of water at the roots and also giving manure-water as required; stir the soil frequently and rake off all weeds.
Begonias, both the fibrous-rooted and also the bulbous sections will now be in bloom. Be careful that they do not suffer from want of water at the roots and also overhead, for they should be sprinkled from above in the evening. A mulching of very old cow-manure will be found beneficial and will greatly assist in prolonging their season of bloom.
Sow seeds of Anemone coronaria, mixing the seeds with fine sand before sowing; when the seedlings are two inches high, set them out in rows in a shady, cool, sheltered situation.
Also put in seeds of Silene pendula and Forget-me-not for early-Spring flowering. These too should have a cool, sheltered spot, being transplanted a few inches apart when ready; plant them out, where it is desired that they flower, early in November.
Rocheas, as they are now classed, are very showy subjects, especially the scarlet-flowered species (Rochea coccinea) which blooms so freely all through July, August and September. When it is desired to increase the stock of these, cuttings should be inserted. They should be placed in three-inch or four-inch pots filled with sand and old lime-mortar or brokeu brick, mixed with a little loam. They should occupy a cool position facing the North where they will be found to readily take root. This free-flowering succulent should be seen more commonly as it grows and blooms freely with little care and requires no artificial irrigation.
The Alocacias and other ornamental, foliaged plants should be examined from time to time for red spider, Begonia mite and other insect pests. Should any of these appear, the leaves should be sponged with some insecticide. It should be borne in mind that only the injury caused by the mite and not the mite itself is visible to the naked eye.
Keep all plants near the glass, affording them shade in the middle of the day, and syringing them daily, morning and evening. When necessary, change them into larger pots, potting them in a compost of loam, leaf-mold and dry cowmanure taken from an open pasture. Good drainage should be afforded and they should be kept in a temperature of seventy degrees Fahrenheit by night and in a moist atmosphere until showing flower, when they should be allowed a dry atmosphere.
Be on the watch for black aphides and green fly, and if any are discovered dust the leaves with tobacco-powder in the early morning when the foliage is damp.
Make all growths secure by staking each stem to light stakes so as to prevent swaying by the wind. If the pots are full of roots, give light dressing of manure about the roots, or water with liquid-manure about twice a week.