A Layer is a branch or shoot, part of which is introduced into the soil and strikes root while fed by the parent plant. The operation is effected by simply bending down and burying, about an inch deep in the soil, the branch or shoot to be layered, and preventing it from springing up, by placing over it a hooked peg firmly set in the ground. Before pegging it down, cut a slit in a slanting direction half through the shoot or branch; bend the shoot downward and place it about an inch deep in the ground. Fasten it securely with the hooked peg; then bend the point of the shoot upward until the slit in the shoot is opened enough to allow a very little fine soil to enter the slit. Secure the foot of the shoot by tying it to a stake, care being taken not to sever the layer entirely from the parent plant. Cover the slit portion with some light sandy soil and give a good watering. In a short time, the layers will emit roots. When the layer has rooted freely, sever the young plant from the parent plant and treat as recommended for young trees or plants.