The giant Redwood of California has a world-wide reputation and is one of the wonders of the State, being without doubt the largest of the great family of Conifers. As a landscape tree it is possibly a little formal in habit, but, when a stately conical massive group of formally shaped trees is required, no tree is more effective, young specimens, from fifty to one hundred years of age and of the same number or more feet in height, forming magnificent groups in any landscape.

The Sequoia gigantea loves the mountains and is found growing only in sheltered valleys over four thousand feet above the sea level, in deep soil within close proximity to the snow-line and also where perennial water is percolating within a few feet of the surface of the soil.

Sequoia sempervirens, on the contrary, prefers a low altitude near the coast but otherwise requires the same conditions of deep soil, reasonable shelter and water close to the surface. Although seldom found growing more than thirty miles away from the coast, it is rarely found nearer the coast than from three to four miles, the harsh winds blowing in from the ocean seeming to blast off the leaves and stunt the growth of any which sprout within close range of the ocean, unless they are given shelter.

Propagate, in Spring, by seeds sown one-quarter of an inch deep in boxes placed in a cold frame; prick off the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to be handled and plant them in nursery rows in the open ground until they are from twelve to eighteen inches high when they should be planted in their permanent situations.

Sequoia gigantea.