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Gardening In California: Landscape And Flower | by John McLaren



This handbook is respectfully submitted to gardeners in California, amateur and professional, as supplementary to, and a modification of those excellent treatises and encyclopedias on Landscape and Flower Gardening which have become the authorities and text-books on the subject, but which were written for the conditions of climate and season in European countries and the Eastern States of our own land.

TitleGardening In California: Landscape And Flower
AuthorJohn McLaren
PublisherA. M. Robertson
Year1908
Copyright1908, A. M Robertson
AmazonGardening In California: Landscape And Flower
Philopolis Press

San Francisco. California.

-Preface
THIS handbook is respectfully submitted to gardeners in California, amateur and professional, as supplementary to, and a modification of those excellent treatises and encyclopedias on Landscape and Fl...
-Chapter I. The Location Of A Site For House And Garden, And The Preliminary Plans
THE location and laying out of the grounds which he has to cultivate are important factors in the success of the gardener in California, as elsewhere, a few practical suggestions upon these points are...
-The Location Of A Site For House And Garden, And The Preliminary Plans. Continued
Before beginning the planting of the trees and shrubs for sheltering and ornamenting the grounds (this subject being fully considered in other chapters), the grounds should be carefully surveyed and p...
-Chapter II. Planning The Pleasure-Garden And Grounds
THE subject of this chapter is one which should receive very careful consideration before the work is actually begun, and a detailed Plan of planting should be sketched out, especially keeping in view...
-Planting Plans
Planting List. For Lot 25' X 120' 1. Acacia melanoxylon. 2. Veronica decussata. 3. Choisya ternata. 4. Roses. 5. Buxus sempervirens. 6. Viburnum Tinus. 7. Clianthus puniceus. ...
-Planting List For Ten Acre Tract
1. Hawthorn, Lilac and Eugenia latifolia. 2. Cypress. 3. Rock-work with Ferns. 4. Rpck-work with Ferns. 5. Acer Schwedleri. 6. Acer Schwedleri. 7. Rhododendron. 8. Large Palm. ...
-Chapter III. Preparation Of The Ground
AFTER the house-site has been selected and the outlines of the drive and walks have been staked, the next operation should be grading and preparing the ground for planting. When grading or leveling, i...
-Chapter IV. Construction Of Roads And Walks
N THE chapter on the Preparation of the Ground it was advised that, after the land had been plowed, the subsoil plow should be used, and the ground thoroughly harrowed, then cross-plowed and again h...
-Chapter V. Planting And Transplanting
WHEN the ground has been got ready for the reception of plants in accordance with the suggestions made in Chapter III (Preparation Of The Ground) (Preparation Of The Ground), the next operation is the...
-Chapter VI. Lawns
IN PREPARING the part of the site which it has been decided shall be laid out in Lawn, it is of great importance, and will prove to be true economy, to see that the preliminary work is done with the u...
-Abelia
THE Abelia is one of our most free-flowering shrubs, being in flower nearly every month of the year. It is neat and compact in its habit of growth and is excellent for finishing groups of stronger-gro...
-Abies (Fir)
A genus of about twenty-five species, all giving a grand effect in the landscape, whether in group form or singly in the park or lawn. Most of the species are lofty conifers, massive, symmetrical and ...
-Abutilon (Bell-Flower)
A class of shrubs noted for their free-flowering and showy appearance, belonging to the mallow family. Few excel them as ornamental flowering shrubs for decorating the shrubbery, especially if they ar...
-Acacia
A genus of highly ornamental and decorative shrubs or trees, natives of New Holland, South America and North Africa. Most of the evergreen species came originally from Australia and are among our spec...
-Acer (Maple)
A genus of highly ornamental, hardy, deciduous trees or shrubs greatly valued for the effect produced either when planted in group-form in our large grounds or when growing as single trees on the marg...
-Achania (Turk's Cap)
The Turk's Cap (named from its scarlet cap-like flower) is a very pretty evergreen flowering shrub with heart-shaped leaves of pale-green, belonging to the genus Malvaceae. It requires a sheltered sit...
-Aesculus (Horse-Cheslnut)
A well-known hardy ornamental deciduous tree with showy flowers and compound leaves, well adapted for single specimens on large lawns. It does well in any good deep soil protected from the harsh wind....
-Albizzia Julibrissin
One of the most beautiful of our small flowering trees, of wide-spreading habit with fern-like foliage and great sprays of delicate pale-pink flowers, blossoming in July and August after most of our f...
-Alnus (Alder)
A genus of hardy deciduous trees or shrubs which delight in moist situations, preferably on the banks of a perennial running stream. They form handsome, upright, clean-stemmed trees with roundish leav...
-Aloysia Citriodora (Sweet-Scented Verbena)
Hardy deciduous shrubs with sweet-scented leaves and inconspicuous lilac-colored flowers. In the Eastern States and in Europe these shrubs are grown in the greenhouse where they are general favorites ...
-Amygdalus (Almond)
This well-known hardy, ornamental, deciduous, vigorous grower is one of the earliest and most free-flowering of our trees and shrubs, the common single sometimes opening its pink blossoms as early as ...
-Araucaria
A genus of noble evergreen trees of vigorous habit and formal symmetrical outline, having horizontal branches in regular whorls, natives of South America and Australia. All are very desirable trees fo...
-Arbutus
Among the many species of Arbutus are several of our most handsome evergreen trees. The Madrone (Arbutus Menziesii) and the Strawberry tree (Arbutus Unedo) both do splendidly in California. Their larg...
-Aucuba Japonica
A genus of evergreen hardy shrubs with smooth and glossy laurel-like leaves, bearing bunches of scarlet berries late in the Fall. They are exceedingly effective in the shrubbery during the Winter mont...
-Azalea
A genus of evergreen or deciduous flowering shrubs which should be seen in every collection as they are all free-flowering and of good habit of growth. They delight in a half-shady situation, protecte...
-Azara Macrophylla
A showy evergreen shrub with small box-like foliage and of graceful habit of growth, bearing fragrant flowers succeeded by orange-colored berries. Being a native of Chile, it is well adapted to our cl...
-Banksia
The Banksia is a very desirable class of small trees or shrubs, native of Australia. It has handsome serrated leaves (covered with white down) and brilliant masses of feathery-looking flowers making a...
-Benthamia
A hardy evergreen small tree or shrub, native of Japan and South Africa, bearing white cornus-like flowers which continue in bloom for nearly two months. The reddish strawberry-like fruit hangs on the...
-Berberis (Barberry)
The Berberis is a genus of shrubs of which many varieties have handsome shiny compound leaves while the leaves of others are small, round, oval or holly-like. Berberis Aquifolium, one of the favori...
-Betula Alba (Birch)
The Birch is a highly ornamental deciduous tree of graceful (sometimes drooping) habit, bearing light-green leaves. All of the species are hardy and will grow freely in any well-drained soil, provided...
-Bouvardia
The Bouvardia is a very useful Fall-flowering little shrub with opposite leaves and tubular-shaped fragrant flowers, a native of Mexico and Texas. Bouvardia augustifolia, Bouvardia scabra and Bouvardi...
-Buxus (The Tree Boxwood)
This is an excellent shrub for the coast counties, being evergreen and of a dense habit; it requires no pruning. Slow of growth and always clear of dust, it gets along with little water and thrives in...
-Callistemon
A genus of very pretty Summer and Fall-flowering shrubs with narrow pointed leaves and showy flowers. All are graceful in habit and grow well in any fair garden soil where they require very little att...
-Calycanthus (Carolina Allspice)
The Calycanthus is a handsome deciduous shrub with sweet-scented red or yellow-brown flowers, native of this State, the Southern States and Japan. It grows in any good soil which is well drained, a...
-Camellia
A genus of hardy evergreen trees or shrubs of elegant habit, bearing gorgeous vari-colored flowers. Some are single, many are semi-double, and hundreds of varieties have double flowers in all shades o...
-Caragana
Hardy deciduous ornamental trees and shrubs with pinnate leaves and pea-shaped flowers, mostly natives of Siberia and Northern China. They grow in any garden soil. Propagate by cuttings of the root...
-Carpinus Betulus (Hornbean)
A hardy deciduous tree with simple leaves and flowers in catkins. It stands exposure well, grows in any soil, and should make a good street tree where deciduous low-growing trees are preferred. It ...
-Carya
A handsome, slow-growing tree with pinnate, walnut-like, light-green, deciduous leaves. It is of a spreading habit and delights in good, rich, bottom soil and a sheltered situation. The wood is heavy,...
-Cassia
This is one of the most common of our California garden shrubs, giving a fine show of pea-shaped yellow flowers in Winter. It has pinnate leaves and grows from six to twelve feet in height. It should ...
-Castanea (Chestnut)
The sweet or Spanish Chestnut is a large spreading deciduous tree of good habit and very ornamental. It delights in a sheltered situation and should have deep, well-drained, sandy loam. Never plant it...
-Casuarina (She-Oak)
The Casuarinas are a genus of jointed leafless trees which have a very distinct and peculiar effect in any landscape, their long, drooping, feather-like habit being quite different from that of any ot...
-Casuarina
Ceanothus (California Lilac) This elegant native of our hillsides deserves more attention from planters than it now receives, few flowering-shrubs equalling it for grouping in large grounds or as sing...
-Cedrus
A majestic evergreen coniferous tree with large spreading branches. It delights in a deep well-drained gravelly loam and a sheltered situation where it grows to the height of from eighty to one hundre...
-Cerasus
A genus of hardy deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs, many species of which are highly ornamental, our native evergreen species being in many respects the most handsome of all. Its shiny dark-green...
-Cercis (Judas Tree)
An ornamental, hardy, deciduous, low-growing tree with heart-shaped leaves and pea-shaped flowers which thickly crowd the branches, flowering before the leaves open. When in bloom in early Spring it g...
-Cestrum
An evergreen shrub of upright habit and variously-colored flowers in cymes or fascicles blooming in Winter or early Spring. It should have a well-sheltered position and does best in light sandy soil, ...
-Choisya Ternata
One of our best Winter-blooming shrubs, having ternate leaves and white sweet-scented flowers. It should have a place even in the smallest collection, being of dwarf bushy habit and very free-flowerin...
-Cistus (Rock-Rose)
A genus of elegant free-flowering small shrubs with a large handsome flower resembling a single rose. This charming genus has a large number of species which should be more commonly seen in our garden...
-Citrus Aurantium (Orange)
The Orange as a decorative garden tree is not so well known as the Orange grown as a fruit tree. It forms, however, most charming effects in the landscape when planted either in group form or as singl...
-Clethra
Evergreen and deciduous small trees or shrubs, valuable on account of their showy spikes of fragrant white flowers which appear late in summer. The evergreen species (such as Clethra arborea) are note...
-Clianthus
A genus of about three species of hardy evergreen shrubs, natives of New Zealand and Australia. They have compound leaves and bear great masses of brilliant scarlet pea-shaped blossoms, continuing in ...
-Coprosma (New Zealand Holly)
A genus of handsomely-leaved evergreen shrubs which should be in every collection. They grow freely in any situation (even in the smoky city garden), their glossy holly-green leaves refusing to carry ...
-Cornus (Dogwood)
The Dogwood is one of the most attractive of our ornamental deciduous shrubs, delighting in semi-shaded moist places protected from winds, and thriving best in light rich soil. One of our native speci...
-Coronilla
Very pretty small-growing ornamental shrubs and perennial herbs of easy culture and graceful habit, having glaucous and variegated leaves. They are well adapted to planting on the margin of shrubbery ...
-Corynecarpus
Handsome evergreen trees, native of New Zealand, with laurel-like leaves and pyramidal habit, bearing white flowers and plum-like fruit. No evergreen tree or shrub gives a better effect in large shrub...
-Cotoneaster
A genus of hardy evergreen shrubs with small boxwood-like leaves and small white flowers, bearing abundant crops of bright-red berries which remain conspicuous for months. It begins to ripen in Califo...
-Crataegus (Hawthorn)
A genus of hardy shrubs and small trees with single leaves and great sprays of sweet-scented pretty flowers. No hardy flowering tree gives finer color effects in the landscape than the Hawthorn, wheth...
-Cryptomeria
A genus comprising only two species, both indigenous to Japan. They prefer a rich, moist, well-sheltered situation and abundance of water during the Summer months, when they form elegant specimens of ...
-Cupressus (Cypress)
The Monterey Cypress is a universal favorite, nearly every garden having a representative of this species. It makes an excellent wind-break and stands exposure as well as, if not better than, any tree...
-Cydonia Japonica (Japan Quince)
A genus of dwarf deciduous flowering shrubs, opening their flowers as early as the middle of January. There are several species all of which are very desirable, some having scarlet flowers, others bri...
-Cytisus (Broom)
A genus of about forty species of shrubs bearing pea-shaped flowers in great abundance. They are of very easy culture, and, without irrigation, grow freely in any soil, even the poorest. Propagate ...
-Daphne
A genus of very ornamental evergreen or deciduous shrubs, their sweet-scented flowers and compact habit of growth making them desirable for planting in our shrubberies. They prefer a warm, sheltere...
-Datura (Cornucopia Flower)
Herbs, shrubs or trees with large entire tongue-shaped leaves, bearing trumpet-shaped flowers sometimes over a foot long. The flowers are of various colors, including white, orange and red. Some varie...
-Deutzia
A genus of hardy, deciduous, strong-growing shrubs of easy culture, which, on account of their free-flowering qualities should have a place in every garden however small. They thrive in almost any soi...
-Diervilla Or Weigela
A genus of hardy ornamental low-growing deciduous shrubs, mostly natives of China and Japan. No shrubbery is complete without a collection of these elegant free-flowering shrubs. They grow well in any...
-Diosma (Breath Of Heaven)
A genus of heath-like graceful shrubs with grass-like leaves and crowds of delicate white flowers. On account of its exquisite fragrance and delicate foliage this plant is much used in decorating and ...
-Duranta Plumieri
A South American shrub with blue or white flowers in temate racemes. If given a warm sheltered situation in the full sun it does well and is very attractive. Propagate by cuttings in Fall or Spring...
-Echium (Viper's Bugloss)
A group of shrubby or herbaceous plants with large tongue-shaped leaves of a glaucous color thickly covered with fine hairs. They bear immense spikes of blue, pink or white flowers, forming very strik...
-Aelagnus (Wild Olive)
A small genus of evergreen or deciduous shrubs of easy growth and attractive appearance, their glaucous downy leaves giving a soft effect when well placed in the landscape. The flowers are inconspicuo...
-Erica (Heath Family)
A most extensive genus comprising over four hundred species, all hardy in California, most of them being natives of the Cape of Good Hope and the Australian-group. They ought to be seen in gardens mor...
-Erythrina (Coral-Tree)
A genus of plants with trifoliate leaves and pea-shaped flowers mostly dark-red in color (the individual flowers being of large size and generally in large clusters) forming very striking objects in t...
-Escallonia
The Escallonias may be classed among our most useful shrubs, doing well however situated either as regards soil or exposure. They are natives of the cooler countries of South America, principally Chil...
-Eucalyptus (Australian Gum)
This genus is one of the most useful of our introduced exotics. True, it is sometimes found to be a nuisance, especially when the common Blue Gum has been planted in good soil along narrow streets and...
-Eugenia
The Eugenias belong to the Myrtle family and are very desirable shrubs or small trees, growing to the height of from twenty-five to thirty feet. They have a handsome pyramidal habit of growth, their m...
-Euonymus (Spindle-Tree)
A genus of evergreen or deciduous trees and shrubs, natives of Europe, Asia, Japan and the United States, with opposite leaves and small inconspicuous flowers. All are hardy in California and of easy ...
-Exochorda
This shrub is a native of North China, belonging to the Spiraeas, and is sometimes named Spiraea grandiflora. Its habit of growth resembles the Philadelphus and it should group well with the members o...
-Fabiana
An evergreen heath-like shrub of a stiff, erect habit of growth and bearing a profusion of small funnel-shaped flowers. It should be pruned back within a few inches of the previous year's growth as so...
-Fagus Sylvatica (Beech)
The Beech in the Eastern States and in Europe is a noble symmetrical tree requiring very little attention and growing in almost any soil which is well drained. Here in California it requires good shel...
-Fatsia
A genus of handsomely leaved plants belonging to the Aralia family, a name by which this genus is often known. They like a well-sheltered situation protected from strong winds, where, if given good so...
-Ficus (Rubber Tree)
The fig family contains many highly ornamental evergreen and deciduous trees. Ficus elastica is a fine tree for the open ground and as a pot plant for the decoration of the pallor or sitting room, whi...
-Fraxinus (Ash)
The Ash is one of our favorite ornamental trees. It has long compound leaves and inconspicuous flowers; it loves good deep moist soil and a sheltered situation, the bank of a creek being its favorite ...
-Gardenia
The Gardenia is a genus comprising many species, most of which are natives of Asia. All are evergreen small shrubs with sweet-scented white or yellow flowers, the single varieties having funnel-shaped...
-Genista
A large genus of free-flowering shrubs of compact, bushy habit, having flowers pea-shaped and mostly yellow in color, growing freely in any garden soil (preferably light and sandy) and requiring no ar...
-Ginkgo (Maidenhair-Tree)
The Maidenhair-tree is a native of North China and is named Maidenhair-tree from the form of its leaflets, these being shaped like the leaflets of the Adiantum fern. It has an upright open habit and h...
-Gleditschia (Honey Locust)
A handsome spreading tree with pinnate and tripinnate leaves on the same plant, deciduous, light-green in color and of graceful habit, the branches being crowded (especially on the lower limbs) with s...
-Grevillea
A genus of elegant trees and shrubs mostly natives of the Australian group, many of the species having leaves as beautifully cut as a fern. According to Eastern and European authorities they grow only...
-Gymnocladus (Kentucky Coffee-Tree)
A lofty tree, native of the Eastern States from Kentucky to Canada, receiving its name from the seeds being used by early settlers as a substitute for coffee. This tree is a favorite shade tree bot...
-Hakea
A large Australian genus comprising many species with needle-like foliage and bottle-brush flowers. A few assume tree form but most of them are low-growing shrubs. All are attractive when in bloom, bu...
-Halesia
A genus of pretty shrubs containing half a dozen species, natives of the Eastern States and Japan and one from China. The Japanese Halesia hispida does especially well, growing freely and blooming abu...
-Hydrangea
Highly decorative, evergreen and deciduous shrubs. Hydrangea hortensis, the most easily grown of any of the species, is a universal favorite, flowering, as it often does, ten months of the year, its h...
-Hymenosporum Flavum
This handsome evergreen tree is a native of Australia, has smooth glossy bright, light-green leaves and bears masses of tubular-shaped yellow flowers which have a strong sweet odor scenting the atmosp...
-Hypericum
A genus of hardy, low-growing shrubs generally with yellow flowers, mostly natives of Southern Europe and the United States. All are of easy culture, growing freely in any good garden soil. Hypericum ...
-Ilex (Holly)
A genus of one hundred and fifty species, evergreen and deciduous. It is highly ornamental, its stately habit of growth and its bright glossy green, undulate, prickly leaves making it one of the most ...
-Indigofera
A genus of leguminous shrubs and herbs with purple, rose or white flowers, natives of Australia and the United States and at least one species indigenous to California. They grow in sandy garden soil....
-Iochroma
A small genus containing about fifteen species of tall shrubs with slender stems, having opposite entire leaves and long tubular-shaped flowers growing in pendulous bunches of ten or a dozen. Flowerin...
-Itea
Itea Virginica is the only species of this genus widely grown in California. There are at least four other species which would make worthy additions to any shrubbery. As most of them flower late in th...
-Jacaranda
This beautiful tree, which gives such splendid effects in the warmer portions of this State, is a native of Brazil and should, to do well, be given generous treatment and a warm situation away from st...
-Juglans
The Walnut and Butternut belong to this genus, both being noble park trees forming massive straight trunks and wide-spreading branches, while their handsome, pinnate, glossy leaves add much to their a...
-Juniperus (Juniper)
Ornamental evergreen trees or shrubs with needle or scalelike leaves set thickly on the stems or branches, the flowers being inconspicuous and the fruit a small cone-like berry. All are perfectly hard...
-Kerria
Slender-branched deciduous twiggy shrubs with bright light-green leaves and bright-yellow flowers. Being among our earliest Spring-flowering shrubs they are much in demand and should be seen in every ...
-Kcelreuteria Paniculata
A small handsome deciduous tree from north China, with a spreading, irregular habit of growth. It thrives best in good soil and a sheltered situation where its long panicles of yellow blossoms are ver...
-Laburnum (Golden Chain)
Ornamental shrubs or small trees with trifoliate leaves and pendulous racemes of pea-shaped flowers. They are all highly ornamental and free-flowering and grow in any garden soil, but in sunny Califor...
-Lagerstrcemia (Crape Myrtle)
A strong-growing free-flowering deciduous shrub producing an abundance of soft-fringed flowers during the Summer months. The Crape Myrtle delights in a light rich soil and a warm sunny situation, the ...
-Lantana
A large genus of evergreen and deciduous shrubs belonging to the Verbena family. Growing freely in any garden soil and of a rambling habit of growth, it is well adapted for forming undergrowth for fil...
-Lasiandra (Pleroma)
The Lasiandra is another of the Brazilian introductions which has surprised many cultivators by doing so well out of doors in our State. In Europe and in the Eastern states, it is treated as a hothous...
-Laurus Camphora (Camphor-Tree)
This handsome evergreen is a native of Japan and produces the camphor of commerce. It has a close pyramidal or oval-shaped head with laurel-like leaves, the young leaves having a pink tint which gives...
-Laurus Nobilis
The Laurus nobilis is a handsome evergreen hardy tree, a native of Southern Europe. It has dark-green, oblong, pointed leaves, is of an upright habit and grows to the height of about forty feet. Pr...
-Leptospermum
This handsome member of the Myrtle family is one of our most popular shrubs, growing vigorously in the poorest sand and in the most exposed situation. It also is one of the best shrubs for seaside pla...
-Leucadendron (Silver Tree)
This is the celebrated Silver Tree of South Africa. In the Cape of Good Hope it grows to a height of about thirty feet. It gets its name from its leaves which are of a soft silvery-white color and den...
-Libocedrus (Incense Cedar)
A genus comprising eight species; two are natives of New Zealand, one of California, two of Chile, one of Japan, one of China, and one of New Caledonia. Our native species, Libocedrus decur-rens is of...
-Ligusthum (Privet)
This genus contains about twenty-five species of ornamental, hardy, deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees indigenous to Europe, temperate Asia and Australia. They are easily cultivated, will gr...
-Liquidambar (Sweet Gum)
A small genus of about four species of which the North American species Liquidambar Styraciflua is the best. It has a maple-like leaf, grows to the height of about sixty feet, and, when late in the Fa...
-Liriodendron (Tulip-Tree)
The Tulip-tree, one of the most desirable of deciduous trees, is of pyramidal habit with fiddle-shaped leaves and tulip-shaped flowers. It makes a handsome avenue tree, being clean of stem and of smoo...
-Lyonothamnus
A handsome evergreen tree found only in the islands of Santa Barbara channel. In Santa Cruz Island it grows to the height of sixty feet. This tree should make an excellent addition to our coast collec...
-Magnolia
A highly ornamental genus of about twenty species of evergreen or deciduous trees and shrubs. The evergreen Magnolia grandiflora with its massive leaves and large white fragrant flowers is well adapte...
-Maytenus
A genus of evergreen trees or shrubs mostly natives of Chile, of an upright habit of growth, with myrtle-like leaves, forming very elegant and graceful shrubs with small white, yellow or red flowers. ...
-Melaleuca
A genus comprising about one hundred species of mostly evergreen shrubs or trees, natives of Australia. All have black stems and white-barked branches. They are all highly ornamental and graceful in h...
-Melia Azedarach (Umbrella Tree)
The Umbrella tree is one of the most popular shade trees in California, being a rapid grower and of easy propagation, growing freely from seed. Its bright-green foliage, which it carries until late in...
-Melianthus Major
The Melianthus is a shrub especially effective in large grounds where fine subtropical effects are desired, as its graceful habit and large glaucous leaves make it very desirable for this purpose. ...
-Mespiltjs (Medlar)
The Medlar, although considered more a fruit than an ornamental tree, is nevertheless frequently grown as the latter. This is especially so in the case of the Japanese species which has large handsome...
-Morus Nigra (Mulberry)
The Mulberry is cultivated chiefly for feeding the silkworm. It grows to the height of from twenty to sixty feet, having large heart-shaped leaves and spreading habit; it should be given fairly good s...
-Myrica
This genus contains only a few species, one indigenous to California, one to Europe, two to Japan and one to Canada. It grows to a height of sometimes forty feet, is bush-like in habit, has a willow-l...
-Myrtus (Myrtle)
The Myrtle is an extensive genus comprising over one hundred species, mostly natives of Australia, South America and Southern Europe. The common species (Myrtus communis) is one of our most popular an...
-Nandina
This genus contains but a single species, the elegant Nandina domestica. It is of upright habit with compound leaves which in the young state are beautifully tinted with pink; the fruit is oval in sha...
-Nerium (Oleander)
A small genus of very ornamental evergreen flowering shrubs of erect habit, natives of the Mediterranean regions. In the warmer districts of the State the Oleander is a general favorite on account of ...
-Oleaeia
A large genus mostly Australian. Some of them make beautiful bushes and should be more often seen. They succeed in any good soil and require little water if given thorough cultivation. The best flower...
-Olea Europaea (Olive)
What the Elm or the Oak is to Northern Europe, what the Conifers are to the Mountains of California, the Olive is to Italy, where it is grown both for its oil and as an ornamental tree. As a feature o...
-Osmanthus
So named on account of the fragrance of its flowers. There are several species (one American), the Japanese being the most desirable. Osmanthus aquifolium has handsome holly-like leaves, is evergre...
-Parkinsonia
This beautiful Mexican shrub, with its feathery drooping branches and yellow flowers, is becoming a general favorite in all of our gardens where a collection of fine shrubs is aimed at. Propagate b...
-Paulownia
Ornamental deciduous trees with catalpa-like leaves and foxglove-like flowers, well adapted, when young, to give semi-tropical broad-leaved effects, and, in well-sheltered situations and good soil, ma...
-Philadelphia (Mock Orange)
Ornamental deciduous shrubs, with opposite leaves and white flowers in terminal racemes on short branches appearing in May and on until July. They are well adapted for shrubbery undergrowth, liking pa...
-Phillyrea
A genus comprising only four species, all evergreen and ornamental, natives of the Mediterranean regions. They have a rather upright habit and small, myrtle-like, glossy, dark-green leaves. The flower...
-Plcea
The Pitch Firs are classed among the most ornamental of the Conifer family, all of the species being highly prized for their beautiful form and tall pyramidal stately outline, making, when in health, ...
-Pimelia
The Pimelias are among our most showy late-Winter and early-Spring flowering shrubs, mostly natives of Australia and New Zealand. They have a neat compact habit of growth, being easily grown and easil...
-Pinus (The Pine)
This highly ornamental as well as most useful genus comprises about seventy species indigenous to most of the North Temperate Zone and contains many exceedingly ornamental and picturesque trees for la...
-Pittosporum
The Pittosporums form a large genus of over one hundred species, all evergreen and mostly natives of the Australian group. All the introduced species are of the easiest culture and not particular as t...
-Platanus (Plane-Tree; Sycamore)
This genus contains only three species, all being magnificent trees for parks and large grounds. To grow well, they should have a deep, soft moist soil and a well-sheltered site, preferably a river bo...
-Plumbago
A genus comprising about ten species of hardy shrubs or annual herbs, natives of the Cape of Good Hope, the East Indies and Southern Europe. Plumbago capensis (the pale-blue variety) is the most po...
-Poinciana (Peacock-Flower)
A genus of very pretty flowering trees or shrubs, natives of the West Indies and Eastern North Africa. They must have a warm sunny situation where they form grand effects in Summer and Autumn. Poin...
-Polygala
The Polygala is an extensive genus comprising over two hundred species, only a few of which are worthy of cultivation, Polygala Dalmaisiana (the common species) being the best of the genus. It love...
-Populus (Poplar)
A well known genus of deciduous trees natives of Europe, Asia and America. The genus contains about eighteen species, many of which, when given congenial soil, are among the most rapid growers of the ...
-Prunus (Plum)
The Plum is one of our earliest flowering trees, often opening its showers of pink and white blossoms early in January. It forms a most handsome tree and should be seen in the landscape much more comm...
-Punica Granatum (Pomegranate)
The Pomegranate is a small deciduous tree, native of Persia, with bright scarlet and orange-colored flowers and ornamental subacid-flavored fruit. It forms a very pretty low tree or shrub when in flow...
-Pyrus (Apple)
The color effects produced by masses of apple-blossoms are among the finest of any flowering tree, especially in the case of the double and semi-double-flowering varieties. Fruit trees which have beau...
-Quercus (Oak)
The Oaks belong to all countries which enjoy a temperate climate, and every country owning them is proud of its Oaks with their immense trunks, their picturesque character and great spread of limbs. F...
-Retinospora
A genus of conifers closely allied to the Cypress and Thuya families and mostly native of Japan. They are all worthy of a place in a garden of choice plants, some being pyramidal in form while othe...
-Rhamnus (Buckthorn - Wild Coffee)
This handsome evergreen or deciduous shrub is one of those most suitable for being planted in the portion of the grounds farthest distant from the water hydrant as it requires little attention after t...
-Rhododendron
The Rhododendron is justly classed among the noblest of shrubs, its laurel-like foliage, its massive habit and gorgeous trusses of flowers making it,when well grown, one of our favorite evergreens. ...
-Robinia (Locust)
The Locust is one of the most desirable of the deciduous trees. It has handsome pinnate leaves and bears its flowers in long racemes of white, rose or purple blossoms. Any good garden soil is suitable...
-Romneya Coulteri (Malilija Poppy)
The Romneya is beyond doubt the finest of all wild flowers, none of the newly introduced varieties of the Poppy family being equal to this wonderful native flowering shrub. Every garden, unless extrem...
-Salix (Willow)
This genus contains over one hundred and fifty species, indigenous from the farthest North of the Alaskan timber-fine to Mexico and from Norway to the Levant. The Willow loves a sheltered valley and a...
-Sambucus (Elder)
A genus of low trees or shrubs comprising about twelve species, all hardy, which will grow in any soil or situation, even the most exposed. Our native species, Sambucus glauca, grows to the height ...
-Schinus Molle (Pepper-Tree)
The Pepper-tree is a universal favorite and is worthy of a place in every garden, its graceful semipendulous habit of growth with its pleasing rounded outline and the olive-green color of its compound...
-Sequoia (Redwood)
The giant Redwood of California has a world-wide reputation and is one of the wonders of the State, being without doubt the largest of the great family of Conifers. As a landscape tree it is possibly ...
-Sollya Heterophylla (Australian Blue-Belt)
The Sollya is a very pretty semi-twiner with blue bell-shaped flowers and is valuable for finishing small groups, covering a steep slope, rockeries, etc. Propagate by cuttings placed in sand in a c...
-Sophora
A genus of hardy deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs mostly natives of China, India and Japan, one being a native of New Mexico and another indigenous to Chile. They thrive well in any good well-dr...
-Sorbus Aucuparia (Mountain Ash)
A genus of ornamental deciduous trees or shrubs, all hardy in California, the genus comprising about thirty species. All have handsome foliage and many have showy bunches of red berries which remain l...
-Spartium Junceum (Spanish Broom)
The Spanish Broom is one of the shrubs best suited for planting in the background in portions of the garden removed from the reach of the hose as it requires no artificial irrigation after the first y...
-Spiraea
A genus comprising about fifty species of handsome flowering shrubs mostly deciduous. All are hardy, free-flowering and of easy culture, and no garden is complete without a collection of these most be...
-Sterculia
A genus of evergreen trees or shrubs comprising about sixty species, mostly natives of Australia, Asia and South America. They form stately trees of rather formal habit of stem and head, well adapted,...
-Streptosolen
The Streptosolen is one of the finest of our trailing or creeping shrubs and is admirably adapted for covering slopes, for hanging over walls or for carpeting the ground among tall shrubs, its tubular...
-Styrax
The Styrax is one of our most desirable flowering shrubs, having leaves about three inches in length and graceful white pendulous flowers. It becomes a handsome object in the shrubbery and is good for...
-Swainsonia
A genus comprising many species of elegant hardy shrubs with rather spreading habit, which, when planted in conjunction with other shrubs having stout upright branches, form a charming combination. Be...
-Syncarpia
Syncarpia laurifolia is one of Australia's largest trees, growing in that country to the height of two hundred feet. It has a rather spreading habit of growth and prefers a warm sunny situation; as it...
-Syringa (Lilac)
This favorite shrub,? which flowers in early Spring, should be represented in every garden however small. It grows freely in any good garden soil but will amply repay such extra attention as it may re...
-Tamarix
No shrub is better adapted to the planting of any waste spot or the filling up of a gap on the bank of a creek or where some other shrub has failed to grow. It stands exposure well, growing even withi...
-Taxodium (Swamp Cypress)
An excellent tree for semi-aquatic situations, having a soft light-green fern-like foliage. It is very graceful in habit and highly ornamental. The genus comprises several species including Taxodium d...
-Taxus (The Yew)
The Taxus comprises about eight species, natives of the Eastern States, Europe and Japan, one being indigenous to California while another is a native of Mexico. Taxus baccata, the common English Y...
-Templetonia (Coral Bush)
A most beautiful ornamental shrub with simple leaves, a dense bushy habit and pea-shaped blossoms of bright crimson. It grows easily in any common soil and with very little irrigation, preferring a ra...
-Thuya
A genus of conifers comprising about a dozen species of hardy evergreen trees or shrubs, natives of America and Asia, two of them being indigenous to the Pacific Coast. Thuya gigantea, one of the Coas...
-Tilia (Linden)
The Linden is one of the most desirable of the large-growing trees, being symmetrical and formal in habit, especially when young. As a single specimen on the lawn or as an avenue tree it is unequalled...
-Tristania
A small genus of Australian trees belonging to the Myrtle family having leaves about eight inches in length and oval in shape. When full-grown, the Tristania forms a stately tree, being evergreen with...
-Ulmus (Elm)
A genus comprising about twenty species of lofty deciduous trees, greatly used in parks and large grounds for grouping, and also as avenue and street sidewalk trees. In good soil the Elm is a rapid gr...
-Viburnum
A genus comprising about eighty species of deciduous and evergreen low trees and shrubs, all being hardy in California. Many of the species are highly ornamental, Viburnum Tinus being grown in almost ...
-Virgilia Lutea
The Virgilia is one of our most handsome flowering trees and blooms during August and September, when very few trees or shrubs are showing color, thus being a most desirable tree for the garden. It gr...
-Ampelopsis
The Ampelopsis is easily propagated by seeds sown in Spring one eighth of an inch deep in a cool frame, or by cuttings of ripe wood placed in the open ground in sandy soil in September. Ampel...
-Aristolochia
A genus of woody twiners with irregular and grotesque flowers, one species being a native of California. Aristolochia sipho, commonly called The Dutchman's Pipe, is a very rapid grower, sometimes maki...
-Bignonia (Trumpet Vine)
The Bignonias are nearly all either climbers or twiners. They are vigorous growers and have gorgeous trumpet or funnel-shaped flowers, some of them possessing flower-tubes six inches in length. These ...
-Bougainvillea
The Bougainvillea is justly classed among the most showy of our climbers, and, when planted beside a veranda or when allowed to climb on a tall tree or building gives gorgeous effects. This climber...
-Clematis
The Clematis is among the most beautiful of our hardy climbers. The large-flowering varieties are unequaled for decorating the porch or veranda pillars. The small-flowered species, such as the Clemati...
-Cobaea Scandens
The Cobaea is a rampant-growing soft-wooded climber with bell-shaped flowers, thriving well in any good soil but preferring a sheltered, sunny situation. Propagate by seeds sown, in February, one-e...
-Dolichos
The Dolichos is a free-growing ornamental twiner with pea-shaped flowers and pretty light-green foliage, growing freely in any soil and thriving either in the sun or in the shade. Propagate by seed...
-Eccremocarpus
A genus of elegant hardy evergreen climbers with yellow or orange-red flowers tubular shaped. The leaves are compound with oval-shaped leaflets. They are excellent for covering fences, walls, etc., gr...
-Hedera Helix (Ivy)
Few climbing plants will be found more useful than the old-fashioned Ivy as it grows in any soil and almost any aspect. It is good for covering walls, railings or rustic houses, and makes excellent bo...
-Ipomcea
The Ipomcea is an extensive genus, having over four hundred species of twining or creeping plants whose campanula or salver-shaped blossoms are of all shades of purple, red, blue or white. They are am...
-Jasminum
The Jasminums are well-known plants and are very popular on account of their elegant habit and sweet-scented flowers. They make excellent covering for fences, trellises, arbors, etc. and thrive in any...
-Lonicera (Honeysuckle)
The Honeysuckle is an extensive genus, comprising over eighty species of hardy deciduous or evergreen shrubs or climbers with tubular-shaped flowers, many of them delightfully fragrant. They are well ...
-Mandevilla Suaveolens
The Mandevilla is one of our most handsome climbers, its elegant twining habit and its pure white fragrant flowers making it very desirable for training against walls or trellises. It thrives in any g...
-Maurandva
The Maurandyas are very pretty climbers with small heart-shaped leaves and funnel-shaped flowers. They are easily grown if given a sheltered spot away from harsh winds. Propagate by seeds sown, in ...
-Muehlenbeckia
This is a genus comprising about fifteen species of hardy shrubs, mostly natives of Australia and New Zealand. They are of very easy culture, thriving in any fair garden soil and a sunny situation. ...
-Passiflora
A large genus of highly interesting climbers of rapid growth, mostly natives of tropical America. They are noted for their elegant habit and gorgeous flowers, making grand effects when planted at the ...
-Solanum
The Solanum Wendlandii is one of the best of the climbers, no one of its color giving so good results when it has been put in a suitable place, its lilac-blue flowers producing gorgeous effects for se...
-Wistaria
This beautiful Spring-flowering climber is so well known as hardly to require any description. The genus contains about five species. Wistaria speciosa is a native of North America and blooms a month ...
-Agapanthus
The African lily is one of our favorite bulbous-rooted plants, with luxuriant yet graceful foliage and great umbels of bright blue or white flowers in clusters of from twenty to thirty measuring over ...
-Amaryllis
The Amaryllis are among the most gorgeous of our bulbous flowering plants. Some of the genus, such as Amaryllis Belladonna, have the flowering season over before the leaves appear. Their tall stems (l...
-Calochortus (Mariposa Lily)
Handsome native bulbous plants with showy flowers and erect flower-stems. There are about twenty varieties, all of which are very beautiful. They require a good strong loam of considerable depth to gr...
-Crocus
This well-known genus is among the earliest of our Spring flowers, often opening its flower-scapes the first week in January. It prefers a light, rich, loamy soil and a sheltered situation. After t...
-Hyacinth
In the cultivation of this handsome bulbous plant, a light rich soil should be provided, and firm, solid bulbs of good size selected; soft spongy bulbs give weak stems and poor flowers. Plant the bulb...
-Iris
The Iris belongs to a genus of over one hundred species of hardy herbaceous plants with creeping or tuberous root-stocks. The Iris is found naturally all over the Temperate Zone, in America from Canad...
-Ixia
This beautiful Spring-flowering bulb is most useful for giving a fine effect in Spring and early Summer from its elegant habit, its graceful flower-stalks and its rich and varied colors, the center of...
-Kniphofia (Redhot Poker Plant)
This handsome stately herbaceous plant is a general favorite on account of its striking color and adaptability to almost any soil or position, doing well in poor soil although it prefers rich loam. Ev...
-Lilium (Lily)
Lilies are matchless among hardy bulbs for beauty of form and variety of color and also for the length of their blooming season. They delight in a cool fresh soil and a sheltered semi-shaded situation...
-Montbretia
This hardy free-flowering bulbous plant is a native of South Africa and grows to the height of about two and one-half feet. It thrives well in any good garden soil and increases rapidly, its roots spr...
-Narcissus (Daffodil)
A genus of popular hardy Spring-flowering plants with handsome white or yellow flowers. They are excellent for filling beds or borders and make fine effects when planted in apparently natural groups i...
-Narcissus Jonquilla (Jonquil)
Jonquils are now classed under the head of Narcissus, thriving under the same treatment as the daffodils. Although not so large-growing as some of the daffodils, they are much admired for their delica...
-Polianthes Tuberosa (Tuberose)
This beautiful Autumn-blooming tuberous-rooted plant is a native of our sister republic, Mexico, and thrives well in our warmer valleys and in sheltered situations in the coast counties. It prefers a ...
-Ranunculus Asiaticus
There are two forms of this lovely Spring-flowering Ranunculus, viz., the Persian and the Turban. The Persian has a compact symmetrical habit, the Turban being more spreading and larger every way; the...
-Richardia Ethiopica (Calla Lily)
This genus comprises five species of hardy South African Aroideae, all having handsome foliage and tall-growing elegant flower-spathes. They are of easy cultivation if given plenty of moisture; a ligh...
-Scilla (Wood Hyacinth)
The Scillas are among the most beautiful of our hardy Spring-flowering plants. Some of the species, being natives of Spain and Portugal, are specially adapted for growing here in California. They thri...
-Tigridia
Few flowers are more gorgeously colored or more beautiful than this hardy vigorous-growing bulbous plant. It thrives well in any good soil and a warm sheltered situation. Plant the bulbs about three i...
-Tulips
These well-known hardy Spring-flowering bulbs are very popular for the decoration of our gardens, and, where a good collection is grown, may be had in bloom from February to June. They thrive well in ...
-Areca Sapida
north if planted under the shade of other trees and away from cold draughts. It thrives best in a light sandy soil well enriched with old well-decomposed manure. Propagate by seeds sown, in F...
-Chamaerops
The Chamserops are among the hardiest of our fan Palms while they are also free-growing and easily transplanted. Cha-maerops humilis, which is a native of the Mediterranean regions, is of a dwarf habi...
-Cocos
Cocos australis, the hardiest of the genus, is worthy of more attention from planters than it has received in the past and should do well in all of our valley counties. Cocos plumosa, a native of Sout...
-Erythea
The Erytheas are natives of this coast and perfectly hardy in all the valley and coast counties, so grow well in any garden soil with ordinary treatment. Erythea armata, commonly called the Blue Pa...
-Jubaea
Jubaea spectabilis or Wine Palm of Chile is one of our hardiest palms, growing well even in San Francisco. It has much the same habit as the Date Palm family but differs from them in its closer habit ...
-Livistonia
A genus of palms comprising several species all bearing handsome fan-shaped leaves. Livistonia australis is hardy as far north as San Francisco. Livistonia Chinensis, not being so hardy, should not...
-Phoenix
The Phoenix Canadensis is without doubt the most hardy and most popular of the genus, growing well in any garden soil and standing considerable exposure to wind. Phoenix reclinata is also very popular...
-Rhapis
The Cane Palm of Japan is an elegant dwarf-growing palm with cane-like stems and crowns of palmate leaves, admirable for pot culture and for places in rooms or verandas. If planted out of doors it sho...
-Sabal Palmetto
The Cabbage Palm of Florida is another of the fan palms which do well in our gardens and should be found in every good collection. It is hardy, standing considerable exposure and is not particular as ...
-Seaforthia Elegans
The Seaforthia is one of the most elegant and free-growing of the palm family. From Santa Barbara south it is perfectly hardy, ripening its seeds in the open air. Propagate by seeds sown one-half i...
-Washingtonia
The well-known California Fan Palm is without doubt the stateliest of all our palms whether native or introduced. It delights in a good soil, deep and well drained, and a plentiful supply of water at ...
-Chapter XI. Ferns
IN THE formation of a Fernery, a location partially shaded and yet not exposed to draughts or harsh winds should be selected. A situation facing East or a Northerly slope suits the great majority o...
-Chapter XII. Bamboos And Grasses
THE Bamboo is a genera! favorite with all lovers of beauty of form in plant life. It is an evergreen indigenous plant belonging to the grass family. The Bamboo delights in a light, rich soil, a well-s...
-Groups Of Mixed Grasses
Very pretty combinations can be made by planting mixed grasses; for instance, by planting one or more of the Bamboos in the center of the group, with a line of the stately Arundo Donax and Arundo cons...
-Pampas Grass
This fine plant is so well known that it requires no description, for at least one or two plants are to be found in every garden of any pretension, and yet it is worthy of better treatment than it oft...
-Arundo
Tall perennial bamboo-like grasses growing, in good soil and suitable situation, to the height of twenty-five feet, the stems being upright in habit with broad leaves which droop handsomely. All of th...
-Eulalia Japonica
This is one of the most handsome of the grass family and grows to the height of from four to six feet, topped with a feathery plume which is very ornamental. It forms an excellent border plant and ...
-Chapter XIII. Succulents
THE Succulents include many very handsome and interesting plants, extremely varied in their character, most of them having thick fleshy leaves or stems. Many are useful for planting in dry sandy or ro...
-Agave (Cenlury-Plant)
This common inhabitant of our gardens is one of the most stately and characteristic of our California garden landscape plants, its massive fleshy foliage, when full-grown, making a fine effect in the ...
-Aloes
These interesting plants are mostly natives of the Cape of Good Hope, some of them becoming arborescent and branched, and growing to the height of sixty feet. They delight in a loose rocky soil and a ...
-Cactus
This most interesting genus contains many hardy species, and collections should be seen in our gardens more commonly than they are. Most of them are of easy culture, provided they are not excessively ...
-Cotyledon (Echeveria)
A genus of succulent herbs or shrubs, comprising about sixty species most of them natives of California, Mexico and Southern Africa. They are useful in formal bedding, and for rockwork where little or...
-Crassula
This beautiful succulent from Table Mountain is one of the best plants for planting on rocky hillsides or ledges as it grows freely without care or watering if given a handful of soil in which to star...
-Mesembryanthemum
A genus of over three hundred species, mostly succulent perennials or annuals which make excellent plants for covering dry banks or borders, and, where water is scarce, and where they are not likely t...
-Sedum
Sedum is a genus of over one hundred species most of them with fleshy leaves and yellow, white or pink flowers, although one or two, such as Sedum sempervivum, have scarlet flowers. Sedums are of very...
-Sempervivum (Houseleek)
A genus comprising fifty or sixty species, natives of Madeira, Asia Minor, Abyssinia and the Western Himalayas, bearing white, pink, yellow or purplish flowers and thick fleshy leaves, useful in carpe...
-Acanthus
THE Acanthus is a group of stately ornamental plants of vigorous growth and handsome foliage. To grow well, they require rich, deep soil well-fertilized with old manure, and plenty of water during the...
-Acroclinium
A small genus of hardy annuals, bearing everlasting flowers of many shades of rose and white. They are very easily grown in any garden soil. Sow the seeds out of doors in April, in patches where th...
-Ageratum
This well-known Summer-flowering plant is a general favorite on account of its pretty blue flowers and long-continued season of profuse blooming. A good light loam well-enriched with old manure will g...
-Agrostemma
Hardy evergreen perennials and annuals with lance-shaped leaves and star-shaped flowers. They are of easy culture, growing freely in any soil and (being mostly natives of Southern Europe) requiring li...
-Althaea Rosea (Hollyhock)
The Hollyhock is one of our old favorite garden plants, indispensable for producing bold striking color effects in our flower-borders and shrubberies. It delights in a rich light soil and an open sunn...
-Alyssum
A genus of hardy annuals or shrubby perennials, very free-flowering and excellent for planting on dry banks and among hardy shrubs, for covering the ground, or for rock work. Alyssum alpestre, or Swee...
-Amarantus
Hardy annuals with alternate entire leaves and small red or green flowers in clustered spikes. They are mostly grown for their handsome reddish-colored leaves and graceful habit of growth. They requir...
-Anemone
An extensive genus of hardy ornamental perennials with ranunculus-like flowers and variously-shaped leaves, some species (such as Anemone Japonica) growing to a height of three or four feet, and other...
-Antirrhinum (Snapdragoii)
This popular genus contains many species, but Antirrhinum majus is the most popular and useful, its long racemes of many-colored flowers being excellent for filling beds, for decorating the herbaceous...
-Aster
The Chinese Annual Asters are too well known to require description, their diversity of color and compact habit of growth rendering them almost universal favorites. They delight in a cool moist loamy ...
-Aubrietia Deltoidea
Where a dense cushion effect of deep blue is desired in early Spring, procure a packet of Aubrietia seeds and sow in the open where they are to flower, covering the seeds very lightly; September is th...
-Begonia
A large genus of succulent herbs with tuberous or fibrous roots and showy flowers or leaves. Most of the richly-colored flowers and handsomely-marked leaves are the result of hybridizing by specialist...
-Bellis (Daisy)
The Bellis perennis or common Daisy is a well-known hardy free-flowering border plant, growing well in any garden soil and easily increased by simply dividing the roots immediately after flowering, ea...
-Bocconia
A genus of tall, stately, herbaceous, ornamental-leaved plants with terminal panicles of inconspicuous flowers; an excellent plant for giving subtropical effects in conjunction with other large-leaved...
-Calandrinia
A genus of fleshy smooth-stemmed annuals or perennials mostly natives of Australia, Chile and California. Their cultivation is very simple and they grow freely in any soil or exposure not too much sha...
-Calendula
Hardy annuals which may be had in bloom every month of the year by making three sowings, one in January, the next in May and the third in August or early in September. A spot in the open ground will s...
-Campanula
The Campanulas are among our most showy perennial or biennial plants; all of them are elegant when in bloom and should be seen more commonly than they are. The stately Campanula pyramidalis, which oft...
-Canna (Indian Shot)
A large genus of hardy herbaceous perennials, extensively employed in beds and flower-borders, their handsome bananalike leaves and many-colored flowers in stately spikes giving fine tropical effects ...
-Celosia
A genus of crested or pyramidal flowering plants much used in bedding or for planting in groups or singly in flower borders. The crested forms are dwarf, and form cockscomb-like heads, sometimes nine ...
-Centaurea (Corn-Flower)
This well-known genus is easily grown in any garden soil by simply sowing the seeds, one-eighth of an inch deep, in the open ground, in March, where wanted to bloom, and thinning the plants to six inc...
-Cheiranthus (Wallflower)
Biennial or perennial herbs. These much admired Spring flowers will thrive almost anywhere and with little attention, by simply sowing the seeds, one-eighth of an inch deep, where they are to bloom, i...
-Chrysanthemum
This hardy and important Fall-blooming plant is a favorite with all plant lovers, and, to grow to perfection, requires considerable care and skill, but good results may easily be had by ordinary garde...
-Cineraria
The Cineraria is one of our gayest early-Spring flowers, and, as it is so easily grown, should be more commonly seen than it is. It thrives in any soil, flowering most freely in any district which ...
-Coreopsis
This showy annual or perennial herbaceous plant is one of our favorite border ornaments, flowering after most of our Summer annuals are past blooming and thriving in any good garden loam. Propagate...
-Cosmos
This well-known hardy annual is another of our Fall-blooming favorites, being much used for cut flowers in decorating rooms as it lasts well in water. It thrives in any good garden soil, well enriched...
-Dahlia
The Dahlia is a popular genus of only a few species, all natives of Mexico. Dahlia variabilis is probably the species from which most of the show Dahlias have originated, while Dahlia Juarezii is the ...
-Delphinium (Larkspur)
A race of hardy ornamental perennials, biennials or annuals with tall branching flower-stems and beautiful palmated leaves. They are very easily grown, but, if fine flowers are wanted, they must be gi...
-Dianthus Caryophyllus (Carnation)
There are no hardy flowers more deserving general cultivation than Carnations, as they present charming diversity of coloring with delicious, spicy perfume. They thrive best in a fresh loamy soil not ...
-Dianthus
A genus of many species including the Chinese Pink (Dianthus Chinensis), Sweet-William (Dianthus barbatus), etc., of easy culture and thriving in any good soil. The Sweet-William is generally propagat...
-Digitalis (Foxglove)
A genus of about twenty species of hardy perennial or biennial flowering plants of stately habit, bearing racemes of funnel-shaped flowers. They thrive in any soil or situation but prefer a shaded spo...
-Doronicum
This old favorite herbaceous plant should be more commonly seen in our gardens than it is. Its Marguerite-like yellow flowers, growing on tall stately stems, make it an excellent cut flower for fillin...
-Eschscholtzia (California Poppy)
This beautiful native wildflower, the glory of our fields and hillsides, requires no description. Any garden soil suits it, the stronger the soil the deeper the color of the blossoms; in heavy loam th...
-Fuchsia
A genus comprising about fifty species of small shrubs or trees, most of them having been introduced from South America and Mexico. Fuchsias are among the most popular and ornamental of our garden pla...
-Gazania
This showy perennial is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and is perfectly hardy, thriving in any garden soil and being an excellent plant for forming borders to walks, or for planting in rockeries. ...
-Gerberia Jamiesonii (Transvaal Daisy)
A remarkably handsome perennial herbaceous plant which has recently been introduced from South Africa. It grows in heavy clumps, has leaves about one foot in length, deeply cut, and blooms almost cont...
-Geum
A genus comprising about thirty species of hardy perennial plants, very useful for forming groups in the flower-border, and for cutting for indoor decoration. They bear yellow, red or white flowers, s...
-Gilia
This beautiful hardy native annual makes a most attractive mass of color when grown in a suitable place, as for example, a sunny spot in the open ground away from the garden proper, among the shrubs o...
-Gladiolus
This genus contains about ninety species which are among our most popular garden flowers, their stately habit and gorgeous spikes of handsome flowers making them indispensable in all gardens. While so...
-Helianthus
This genus includes the common Sunflower and about eighty other species. The tall-growing annual species thrive in any good soil and show best when planted among tall shrubs or trees where they have a...
-Heliotrope
A genus comprising over one hundred species (mostly herbs, only a few of them being shrubby), the common Heliotrope (Heliotrope Peruvianum) being the origin of most of the large trussed varieties now ...
-Heuchera
This pretty saxifrage-like plant is very useful for Spring-flowering, its bright pinkish-red flowers continuing in bloom for months. It is also good for cutting and for filling small vases. It is of e...
-Iberis (Candytuft)
This old favorite is of easy culture and not particular as to soil. Of course, it shows finer flowers and remains longer in bloom when given good rich soil than when a poor soil is used. The annual so...
-Impatiens
This genus includes the well-known Balsam and the free-flowering Impatiens Sultani from Zanzibar. The Balsam delights in a rich light soil and a warm sheltered situation away from cold winds and fo...
-Iresine
This very useful ornamental-leaved bedding plant is much used in outlining formal figures in carpet-bedding and ribbon borders and is considered an indispensable plant for Summer-planting. It is easil...
-Lobelia
This genus comprises about two hundred species, a few shrubby, many herbaceous and a large number annuals. The dwarf annuals are very useful for bordering flower-beds and for forming a ground-work for...
-Lupinus
This hardy genus contains about eighty species, most of them American and many being natives of the Pacific Coast. The perennial species form handsome specimens in the shrubbery borders, and the annua...
-Lychnis
Thisold-fashioned favorite has not been grown much of late, but as there is now a tendency to return to the old style of herbaceous borders, no doubt the beautiful Lychnis, with its many varieties of ...
-Matthiola (Stock)
These popular herbs or sub-shrubs are probably the most commonly grown of any flowering plants. Their colors range from white, through all shades of pink and red, into purple and violet, another point...
-Mimulus
This showy and ornamental genus comprises many fine-flowering annuals and a few shrubby species; one of the shrubby species (Mimulus glutinosus) may be found blooming on our hillsides nearly every mon...
-Musa
The Musas are among the very best of the large-leaved decorative plants, Musa Ensete having the largest leaves. It is much used in subtropical gardening, sometimes producing leaves over fifteen feet i...
-Myosotis (Forget-Me-Not)
A genus of elegant annual flowering plants excellent for early Spring bedding, or, preferably, for covering the ground among upright growing shrubs, all being of the easiest culture and thriving in an...
-Nemophila
This early-flowering favorite is one of the best of our native annuals for filling flower-beds, clumping in the flower-borders, carpeting shrubbery-groups or covering dry banks to give natural effects...
-Nothera
Evening Primroses are among our favorite natives and are most desirable plants for the decoration of our gardens and shrubberies; planted among shrubs, where their flower-stalks and bright-colored (pi...
-Oxalis
A large genus comprising over two hundred species scattered widely over the Temperate Zone but mainly in South America, Mexico and South Africa. They are mostly used as border-plants or for covering t...
-Paeonia (Paeony)
A well-known genus of hardy plants, natives of America, Asia and Japan, which are excellent plants for the decoration of the herbaceous border or for groups in the shrubbery. The species Paeonia offic...
-Papaver (Poppy)
A hardy easily-grown genus of annual and perennial flowering plants, natives of the temperate or subtropical regions of Asia, North Africa and Europe. They grow well in any common garden soil and are ...
-Pelargonium
Without doubt the Geranium is the most universally grown plant to be found in our gardens, and deservedly so, its hardiness, its handsome evergreen foliage, with its ever-blooming many-colored flowers...
-Pentstemon
This hardy and popular perennial is among the most beautiful of our herbaceous plants, having erect, flowering branches (two or three feet tall) and funnel-shaped flowers, the principal colors being b...
-Petunia
A genus of hardy, free-flowering plants belonging to the So-lanum family, natives of Brazil and the Argentine Republic. They are very showy and effective for planting in beds or masses, also for plant...
-Phlox
This brilliant native of the Eastern States is becoming a general favorite in our gardens, its handsome panicles of charmingly beautiful flowers being excellent, when cut, for the decoration of our ro...
-Platystemon (Cream-Cup)
This charming little annual is one of our earliest Spring flowers, flowering some years as early as January. Its lovely straw-colored, poppy-like flowers are always welcome wherever they are found. ...
-Poinsettia
Poinsettia pulcherrima, the most showy of the species, is a general favorite, during December and January, for the decoration of our halls and dinner tables. In the northern counties the Poinsettia...
-Portulaca
This old favorite, popularly known as Purslane, is sometimes used in salads but generally is grown for its gaily-colored flowers of purple, yellow, or pink. A near-allied species, the Calandrinia caul...
-Potentilla
This pretty little perennial-flowering plant is found very useful for planting in the herbaceous border and among shrubs where its bright single and also double flowers are very attractive. It ...
-Primula
A genus comprising between seventy and eighty species of hardy perennials. The common Primrose, the Cowslip, the Chinese Primula obconica, the Primula Japonica, besides many others, are charming early...
-Reseda (Mignonette)
This universal, favorite, sweet-scented annual is one which ought to be seen in every home garden. It will grow in any good garden soil, but, if fine flower-stalks are expected, the soil can scarcely ...
-Rosa (Rose)
This important genus of highly ornamental flowering shrubs is widely distributed over the Temperate Zone. It is divided into many sections or groups, these again being divided into numerous varieties....
-Rosa (Rose). Continued
The pruning of the different species varies according to the habit of growth and the purpose for which they are used. The Pillar Roses (those that are used in covering stumps of old trees, trellise...
-Salpiglossis
This ornamental native of Chile is a general favorite in all gardens on account of the odd coloring of its tube-shaped flowers. It thrives best in a light rich soil where the plants should be one foot...
-Salvia
This brilliant, Autumn-blooming, bedding plant is indispensable where bright color effects are desired. The Salvias thrive in a light sandy soil well-enriched with old manure and are kept growing by g...
-Saxifraga
A large genus of hardy perennial herbs, very useful for planting in rockwork where they form beautiful and interesting effects. Saxifraga palmata, probably the largest-leafed species of the genus, is ...
-Scabiosa
This hardy perennial herb is of easy cultivation and grows in any soil with little care, having the good quality of requiring little water. Propagate by seeds sown, in early Spring, where they are ...
-Silene (Catch-Fly)
This genus comprises over two hundred species, only a few of which are adapted to conditions in California. Among the best may be named Silene pendula and Silene compacta; both of these give fine effe...
-Tropaeolum (Nasturtium)
Highly ornamental climbers or twining plants, introduced from South America. They are among the most useful of our annual-flowering plants, requiring very little attention and thriving in any soil. Fo...
-Verbascum (Mullein)
A genus comprising over one hundred species of hardy biennial herbs or subshrubs. Some of them are exceedingly handsome, the stately spikes of brightly-colored flowers being very orna-niental, especia...
-Verbena
A genus embracing eighty species of hardy perennial herbs or subshrubs, being among the best of our bedding plants and blooming continually for months at a time. Their colors range through all shades ...
-Viola (Pansy)
This popular plant is a favorite of rich and poor alike, everyone, who has a garden, growing a few Pansies. This is deservedly so, in view of its wonderful variety of color and its free-flowering habi...
-Viola Odorata .(Violet)
This favorite, sweet-scented Winter and early-Spring flower is grown by everyone who cultivates a garden whether in a twenty-five foot lot or in grounds of many acres. In the cooler portions of the St...
-Zinnia
The Zinnia, a native of Mexico, is one of the favorite flowering annuals, growing easily and being much used in the decoration of the flower-border and also for bedding. It thrives best in a deep rich...
-Chapter XV. Ponds, Lakes And The Water Garden
WHERE grounds have the required space, water effects should be introduced, nothing in nature being more brilliant in its effects than water, whether in motion, tumbling in creek-form, which perhaps is...
-Ponds, Lakes And The Water Garden. Continued
After setting out the Water Lilies (which should be in early March) and as soon as the roots are planted, turn in the water and fill the pond until the water covers the boxes three inches, keeping the...
-Chapter XVI. Parlor Gardening
THIS chapter treats of various kinds of vase-plants suitable for halls and apartments, and how to grow them. In order to be successful in growing plants in the halls or ordinary rooms of the dwelli...
-Chapter XVII. The Window Box
A GREAT many people, especially of those residing in large cities, have neither the room to grow well, nor perhaps the money to spare for the purchase of expensive palms or vases for the decoration of...
-Chapter XVIII. The Amateur's Conservatory
GREAT deal of pleasure without a large outlay of expense can be derived from a small Conservatory or even a Plant-room attached to the dwelling-house. In a small Conservatory, the first requisite is p...
-Chapter XIX. Treatment Of The Common Diseases Of, And Insects Injurious 10 Plants
DISEASES of plants are many and varied, some being the result of attacks of injurious insects, while others are caused by fungus growth which comes from improper nutrition and poor circulation or from...
-Treatment Of The Common Diseases Of, And Insects Injurious 10 Plants. Continued
The Red Spider is a small eight-legged mite which receives its name from its color (always of a rusty red). It has the spider habit of spinning a fine web, generally on the under side of the leaves of...
-Chapter XX. A Few Explanations And Directions
IN WRITING this book, it has been at times convenient to apply terms commonly in use by professional gardeners. As the exact significance of some of these may not be known to all readers, it has be...
-Mulching And Top Dressing
As stated in Chapter VI (Lawns) (Lawns), mulching is the best means of preserving a steady degree of moisture in the soil and of keeping it at an even temperature. It also prevents the soil from crack...
-Pricking Out
This is a term which is applied to the removal of small seedling plants, from the seed-bed, to pots or boxes. The operation is generally carried out as soon as the young seedlings are about one inch i...
-Budding
The usual method of increasing plants, provided by nature, is by seeds. Seeds increase species, but as the peculiarities of varieties can rarely be perpetuated in the same manner, there arose the nece...
-Grafting
Grafting is an operation in which two cut surfaces of the same plant or of different plants are placed so as to unite and grow together. The portion cut off is termed the scion or graft and the plant ...
-Propagation By Cuttings
A cutting is an entirely detached portion of a plant, usually a shoot or part of a shoot, having buds or buds and leaves. Cuttings should be taken only from healthy plants and from parts of these whic...
-Propagation By Layering
A Layer is a branch or shoot, part of which is introduced into the soil and strikes root while fed by the parent plant. The operation is effected by simply bending down and burying, about an inch deep...
-Offsets
Offsets are short, lateral branches or shoots which root where they rest on the soil or under its surface and thus serve for propagation. Nursery Rows Plant in nursery rows is a term frequentl...
-Garden Frames
Plant Frames are generally made of redwood boards one and one-half inches thick. Their dimensions vary, a good serviceable size being six feet long by three feet in width of sash. The frame on which t...
-Chapter XXI. Sand Reclamation
SAND Reclamation is a matter of considerable interest to those located in the coast counties of California. As the Park Commission of San Francisco has, in the process of construction of Golden Gate P...
-Chapter XXII. Calendar Of Operations
IN European countries and the Eastern States of America many works on gardening have been written in calendar form, such a calendar being very convenient for reference or as a guide for systematic wor...
-Operations In January
If it has not already been done, have all the necessary pruning of fruit trees (including apples, pears, apricots, peaches, plums, etc.) attended to at once; also prune roses and other deciduous trees...
-Operations In February
The old adage as the day lengthens the cold strengthens is just as true in California as it is in the East, and should be carefully remembered by all who grow, in the flower-garden, plants which are...
-Operations In March
If wet weather or any other cause has rendered it impossible to carry out the directions given for last month, these should now be proceeded with. This is the best month for planting Eucalyptus, Acaci...
-Operations In April
Nymphaea Nymphaea, Lotus or other water plants should be planted or replanted early in April before the young leaves have made much growth. If the water cannot be run off the pond, it is a good ...
-Operations In May
Sow seeds of Cowslips and hardy Primroses early in the month, either in a cool, shady border or in boxes in a cold frame where they should be kept shaded from sunshine until germination. Seedlings, we...
-Operations In June
Neatness and cleanliness should always be evident in the flower-borders, spent flowers, faded leaves and weeds being removed at least once a week and the surface of the soil stirred frequently with th...
-Operations In July
Gladioli are now much benefited by a dressing of old stable-manure, followed by copious applications of water. When nourished in this manner, the plants will grow to a large size and give fine spikes ...
-Operations In August
Cuttings of any favorite variety of Roses may now be put in; select, for this purpose, half-ripe wood or short-jointed wood which has perfected its flowers. The cuttings should be taken off with a hee...
-Operations In September
Trees and shrubs which show signs of flagging should receive attention and be given water at the roots otherwise they may be greatly injured, especially if the weather should continue hot as it often ...
-Operations In October
Pinks and Carnations Cuttings and layers which were put in in July should now be well-rooted and ready to be planted in their permanent quarters. Examine the soil, and, if it looks the least sour o...
-Operations In November
Keep the lawn well-rolled and smoothly cut, removing all fallen leaves. These can be much more easily swept up when the grass is smooth and short than when it is otherwise. The walks should be kept we...
-Operations In December
When Lawns or grass edges have become uneven or in bad condition or partially worn, this will be found a good month to relay the sod. Low spots should have the sod raised. This is done by taking up th...









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