The directions for January will in the main apply to this month, except that now some of the hardier annuals may be sown, and also the propagation of plants by cuttings may be done rather better now than in January, for instructions in such matters, see chapter on Propagation.
But little can be done in most of the northern states as yet, and in sections where there is no frost in the ground, it is likely to be too wet to work, but in many southern states this will be the best month for planting fruit-trees and plants of all kinds, particularly strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, pear and apple, while grape-vines will do quite a month later. One of the greatest wants in many parts of the south is reliable nurseries, where such things can be procured, and as all such plants are at this season frozen solid in nurseries at the north, orders for such things cannot usually be shipped before April; still though something may be lost by this circumstance, if proper attention is given to planting, watering, and shading, (when practicable), good results may be obtained, as it is always better to take plants of any kind from a cold climate to a hot one, than from a hot to a cold.
Horse manure, leaves from the woods, or refuse hops from the breweries, when they can be obtained, may be got together towards the latter part of the month and mixed and turned to get "sweetened" preparatory to forming hot-beds; for detailed instructions see article on hot-beds. Manure that is to be used for the crops should be turned and broken up as fine as possible, for it should be known that the more completely manure of any kind can be mixed with the soil, the better will be the crop, and of course if it is dug or plowed-in in large unbroken lumps, it cannot be properly commingled.