Pole Beans are usually cultivated in hills three or four feet apart. The poles, (which are best made of young cedar trees), should be nine or ten feet high, and firmly fixed at least eighteen inches deep in the ground, and the hills formed around them by digging up the soil and mixing it with a shovelful of well rotted manure, or an ounce or so of guano or bone-dust, if the stable manure is not attainable; but in either case let the mixing be thorough. The hills should be but two or three inches above the general level, and at least eighteen inches in diameter. The term "hill" is an unfortunate one, as it often leads inexperienced persons to suppose that a tall heap must be made, and it is a common mistake to form miniature hills often a foot or more in hight, upon which to sow seeds or set plants; the effect of this is to confine the roots to this small high and dry space. When the word "hill" is used in this work, it is to indicate the place plants are to occupy, and unless some hight is mentioned, it is not above the general level. After the hill has been properly formed around the pole, from five to six beans should be planted around it at a depth of two inches, but the planting should never be done in this latitude before the 20th of May. In all our experience as seedsmen, we know of no seed that is so universally replanted as Lima Beans. I think it safe to say, that at least half of all the people who buy, plant before the ground is dry and warm, and then tell us that the seed must have been bad, because it rotted in the ground. In the hurry of business we have not always time to explain why they rotted, and would here state for the sake of ourselves and cotemporaries, that the reason why the Limas fail to grow in 99 cases out of 100, is, that they are planted too early, and that it is no fault of the seed, which is rarely imperfect. The proper method of planting Lima Beans is to. push each one singly into the soil, with the eye downward; the embryo is so very broad and flat that it is difficult for it to turn itself as smaller seeds do when placed in a wrong position.
The Large White Lima is the variety that is most prized.
The Giant Wax makes pods nine inches in length, and is a very productive variety.
The London Horticultural is used as snaps or shelled.
The Scarlet Runner is a highly ornamental variety, producing dazzling scarlet flowers during the whole summer. It is used mainly as a snap bean. Lima Beans are usually only planted once in this latitude, as they take nearly the whole season to mature. From thirty to fifty poles are sufficient for ordinary use; this will require from one to two quarts of seed.