The sweet cherry is another long-lived fruit tree. It has a fine form, retains its foliage until late in the Autumn, like the apple tree, and is beautiful alike when in blossom, in bearing time and throughout the year. The two types of cherries are the sweet and the sour. The sweet cherry becomes in time a large tree, while the sour remains small and low-growing.
Cherry trees will thrive and do well on clayey soil when mixed with a little loam, and will succeed better in dry seasons than other fruit trees. Like the apple, they should be three years old when planted and be set twenty-five feet apart. The trees should be sprayed with Bordeaux mixture when the blossoms have fallen, and again when the fruit is well formed. If aphids appear on the new shoots, they can be destroyed by spraying with tobacco water, which is made by steeping tobacco stems in a pail of water until it has become dark brown in color; if the curculio, the enemy also of the plum tree, appears, a sheet should be spread upon the ground under the tree, which should then be well jarred. This will bring down not only the affected fruit, but also the curculios; the insects and the bad fruit should be burned. This operation will take but a few minutes, and after the blossoms fall, should be repeated every day for a couple of weeks. It must be remembered that all fruit which is to be kept for a few days, or sent to any distance, should be gathered when perfectly dry, otherwise rot may set in.
Six satisfactory varieties of cherry are: Black Tartarian and Black Eagle, both late Cherries; Governor Wood and Downer's Late, red; and Napoleon and Yellow Spanish, pale yellow, or "White Cherries," as they are usually called.
I well remember a tree in my father's garden called the "White Ox-Heart Cherry tree." It was easy to climb and had a comfortable crotch well up among the branches where one could sit at ease, and many a happy hour have I spent in that tree with the crown of my hat filled with fruit to eat, and "Little Women" or "The Wide, Wide World" to read.
Crab apples are used mainly for making jellies and preserves, but the tree is beautiful either in blossom or when covered with fruit, and it is worth while to have one tree in your garden if there is room. It should be three years old when set out, and cultivated in the same manner as the cherry. Three excellent varieties are Dartmouth, Large Red Siberian, and Hall's Imperial.