This section is from the book "Handbook Of Hardy Trees, Shrubs, And Herbaceous Plants", by W. Botting Hemsley. Also available from Amazon: Handbook of hardy trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants.
This large genus is represented by but one hardy species, F. Carica, Common Fig, a native of Asia Minor. It is equally deserving of cultivation for its ample and distinct foliage and luscious fruit, though it appears to nourish nowhere so well as in the chalky districts of the South of England. We ought to mention the peculiar nature of the 'fruit,' which is a fleshy hollow receptacle almost closed at the top, and including numerous crowded male and female flowers. Species of this genus occur in all tropical countries, but they are especially numerous in Asia.